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[Insights Secure STHIR– 2021] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 22 February 2021

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: Fundamental Rights

1. Explain the concept of Right to Privacy as a fundamental right in the light of Judgment of Supreme Court in K.S. Puttaswamy Vs. Union of India. (250 words)

Reference:  Indian polity by Lakshmikant , legalserviceindia.com

Why the question:

The question is from the static portions of GS paper I, part Indian polity.

Key Demand of the question:

The answer must explain the concept of Right to privacy as a fundamental right and the significance of the judgment.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start briefly by stating what right to privacy is.

Body:

Firstly discuss the concept of Right to Privacy as a fundamental right.

Then explain the judgment in detail – The Supreme Court has ruled that there is a fundamental right to privacy under the Indian constitution, establishing that “The right to privacy is protected as an intrinsic part of the right to life and personal liberty”. The judgment is clear: privacy and human dignity are intrinsically linked.

Throw light on the importance of right to privacy.

Conclusion:

Conclude with relevance of the judgment.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Fundamental Rights

2. Compare and contrast the fundamental rights of Indian constitution with the bill of rights enshrined in the US constitution. (250 words)

Reference:  Indian polity by Lakshmikant

Why the question:

The question is from the static portions of GS paper I , part Indian polity.

Key Demand of the question:

The question is based on comparison of fundamental rights of Indian constitution with that of bill of rights of the US constitution.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with a brief background of the question’s context.

Body:

Explain first the details of the two; the constitution describes each of the roles and responsibilities of the arms of the government and citizens while the Bill of rights describes the rights and freedom of the people. The constitution limits the power of the government while the Bill of Rights grants authority to the people.

Present the differences and similarities.

Conclusion:

Conclude by throwing light on relevance of FRs to Indian setup and Bill of rights to US.

 

Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

3. ‘Fostering Multilingualism for Inclusion in Education and Society’ is the theme for this year’s International Mother Languages Day’. In this context discuss the importance of Mother tongue in personality development. (250 words)

Reference:  Times of India

Why the question:

The article talks about importance of mother tongue in personality development.  

Key Demand of the question:

Explain in detail how Mother tongue is critically important for cognitive, psychological and personality development, education and learning.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with importance of language in general.

Body:

Explain that Mother tongue, which one hears and gets familiar while in the womb, has a vital role in shaping our personality, thoughts and life.

Discuss the significance of mother tongue in personality development. Present the issues due to lack of emphasis on mother tongue such as – Difficult learning: Incomplete first language skills often make learning other languages more difficult. Cognitive conflict: when a child finds a discrepancy between what he thinks the world should be and what he finds it as, emanating from forced situation of learning in a second language etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by highlighting importance of mother tongue.

 

Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

4. There is dire need for a concerted effort from local bodies, State and Central governments to sustainably address quality and inequality issues in WASH provision. Comment. (250 words)

Reference:  The Hindu

Why the question:

The article presents to us a study into the cost of ensuring WASH (water, sanitation and hygiene) in healthcare facilities of India.

Key Demand of the question:

Explain the issues in WASH provisions in the country and discuss the need for a concerted effort from local bodies, State and Central governments to sustainably address quality and inequality issues in WASH provision.

Directive:

Comment– here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Express what you understand by WASH provisions.

Body:

The answer body must have the following aspects covered:

Brief background of the WASH situation in the country; A 2019 joint global baseline report by WHO and UNICEF had pointed out that globally, one in four healthcare facilities lacked basic water servicing and one in five had no sanitation service and 42% had no hygiene facilities at point of care.

Discuss the concerns with low coverage of WASH provisions in the country.

Explain that there is the need for a concerted effort from local bodies, State and Central governments to sustainably address quality and inequality issues in WASH provision.

There is the need to combine the WASH initiative with other national efforts to address health priorities.

Conclusion:

The intersection between WASH, infection prevention and control and antimicrobial resistance offers policy makers an opportunity to address multiple overlapping problems through interventions on WASH in healthcare facilities.

 

Topic: GS-2: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

GS-3 – Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, Nano-technology, biotechnology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.

5. The issues with present models of the internet space can be resolved only by striking a fine balance between the existing California Libertarian and Chinese Authoritarian model. Do you agree? Analyse. (250 words)

Reference:  Indian Express

Why the question:

The article from Indian Express explains how the issues with present models of the internet space (the California Libertarian and Chinese Authoritarian models) are marred with inherent issues and should be kept in check with the rise of Big techs).

Key Demand of the question:

Discuss the issues with present models of the internet space

Directive:

AnalyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with what you understand by models of the internet space.

Body:

  • Explain first the two models – California Libertarian and Chinese Authoritarian models.
  • Discuss then the issues associated with it. Also, bring out the respective advantages.
  • Take hints from the article and suggest what model India should adopt.

Conclusion:

Thus, conclude that we need to grapple with the internal contradictions of California Libertarianism but also need to be wary that these contradictions do not become the pretext for legitimizing Chinese Authoritarianism.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service, integrity, impartiality and nonpartisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker-sections.

6. What is the relationship between intolerance – prejudices – value judgment? Explain and suggest measures to inculcate tolerance.(250 words)

Reference:  Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude by Lexicon Publications

Why the question:

The question is from GS paper IV, based on the theme of value judgment.

Key Demand of the question:

The answer must discuss in detail the relationship between intolerance – prejudices – value judgment and discuss methods and measures of inculcating tolerance as a value.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Define what you understand by tolerance.

Body:

Tolerance is a moral obligation or duty which involves respect for the individual as well as mutual respect and consideration between people. Tolerance between people makes it possible for conflicting claims of beliefs, values and ideas to coexistence as long as they fit within acceptable moral values.

Discuss the relationship between intolerance – prejudices – value judgment.

Give examples/case study to better explain the relationship.

List out methods that aid inculcation of tolerance as a value.

Conclusion:

Conclude with importance of tolerance as a key value.

 

Topic: Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service, integrity, impartiality and nonpartisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker-sections.

7. Discuss how social persuasion can be an effective technique to overcome some of the social ills? (250 words)

Reference:  Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude by Lexicon Publications

Why the question:

The question is from the static portions of GS paper IV, topic – social persuasion.

Key Demand of the question:

One must explain how social persuasion can be an effective technique to overcome some of the social ills.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with definition; Persuasion is a form of social influence in which an audience is intentionally encouraged to adopt an idea, attitude, or course of action by symbolic means.

Body:

The answer body must have the following aspects covered:

Explain first the meaning, significance and utility of social persuasion.

Explain the underlying principles of persuasion.

Discuss how it can aid in overcoming social ills. One can give examples such as those of Swachh Bharat and other initiatives of the government that reflect social persuasion to overcome social ills.

Conclusion:

Conclude with importance of social persuasion.


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