Print Friendly, PDF & Email

Amendments to Juvenile Justice Act

Topics Covered: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

Amendments to Juvenile Justice Act:


Context:

The Union Cabinet has approved a slew of amendments to the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2015.

The latest amendments:

  1. Empower the District Magistrates (DM) to issue adoption orders as well as monitor the implementation of the law.
  2. Empower the DMs and the additional DMs to monitor the functioning of agencies responsible for implementing the JJ Act.
  3. The District Child Protection Units will function under the DMs.
  4. Before someone sets up a shelter home for children and sends their proposal for registration under the JJ Act to the State, a DM will have to assess their capacity and conduct a background check.
  5. A DM could also independently evaluate the functioning of the Child Welfare Committee, Special Juvenile Protection Units and registered childcare institutes.

About JJ Act:

  1. Replaced the 2000 act- the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2000.
  2. Aim: To Comprehensively address children in conflict with law and children in need of care and protection.
  3. It mandates setting up Juvenile Justice Boards and Child Welfare Committees in every district. Both must have at least one-woman member each.
  4. Also, the Central Adoption Resource Authority (CARA) was granted the status of a statutory body to enable it to perform its function more effectively.
  5. The Act included several new offences committed against children (like, illegal adoptions, use of child by militant groups, offences against disabled children, etc) which are not adequately covered under any other law.
  6. All Child Care Institutions, whether run by State Government or by voluntary or non-governmental organisations are to be mandatorily registered under the Act within 6 months from the date of commencement of the Act.

Sources: the Hindu