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[Insights Secure STHIR– 2021] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 10 February 2021

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic:  Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

1. Persian literary sources of medieval India reflect the spirit of the age. Comment. (150 words)

Reference: G.S-1 UPSC CSE Mains 2020.

Key Demand of the question:  

To write about historical interpretations from Persian literary sources.

Directive:

Comment– here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin by writing about origin of Persian literature with the establishment of Turkish rule.

Body:

Write about how the literary reflect the spirit of the age.

Political Aspects – genealogy of kings, conquests etc.

Economic Aspects – Important reforms, features of economy, urban cities.

Social aspects – Religion, customs, rituals, dance, music etc.

Substantiate the above points by citing examples of various Persian literary works such as works of Khusro, Barani, Afif, Abu Fazal etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude with the importance of Persian literature as source of historiography.

 

Topic:  Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

2. What are ‘Classical’ languages in India? How are they classified? How are the Classical languages being promoted? Explain. (250 words)

Reference: Indian art and culture by Nitin Singhania.

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1.

Key Demand of the question:

A straightforward question with respect to classical languages, their classification and steps taken for their promotion.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by defining classical languages and six classical languages of India.

Body:

In the first, write about the criteria for conferring classical status. High antiquity, High antiquity, originality and discontinuity.

Next, write about the steps that are being taken for the promotion of classical languages. Awards, Centers of excellence, Role of UGC, grants for various classical languages.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward to preserve the rich classical history of India.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic:  Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.

3. A sustained movement to limit China’s expansionist policy by the Quad will go a long way in undermining China’s threats and policies on the international stage. Examine. (250 words)

Reference: Indian Express

Why the question:

In November 2020, the Quad conducted Malabar Naval drills in the Indian Ocean. In response, China affirmed that the activities of the Quad do not affect it; however it is actually keeping a close eye on it.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about how Quad can counter the aggressive and the assertive China in a post pandemic world.

Directive:

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by writing about Quad and the context of its formation.

Body:

In detail, write about the common elements of interest that the Quad countries are bound by. Write about the expansionism and threats at global stage made by China recently.

Next, write about how Quad can limit China’ expansionist policies and its threats on international arenas. Quad vs Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), Quad vs Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), Quad and Indo-pacific, benefits the members offer and set precedent for the EU etc. Substantiate with examples.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward for Quad in indo-pacific as well at the global stage.

 

Topic:  Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

4. Eliminating trans fats from India’s food supply is a clear step in the right direction towards creating safer and healthier food systems. Comment. (250 words)

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

The FSSAI has amended its rules to put a cap on trans fatty acids (TFAs) in food products just weeks after it tightened the norms for oils and fats.

Key Demand of the question:

To explain about trans fats and why are they harmful for human health and what more needs to be done for global elimination for global elimination of trans fats.

Directive:

Comment– here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by defining trans fat in brief.

Body:

In the first part, outline the major impacts of trans fat on the human health. Cite relevant statistic to bring out the risk of death or disability caused by the consumption of trans-fats.

In the next part, write about various initiatives undertaken for the elimination of trans fats globally as well as in India. WHO’s REPLACE, FSSAI gradual reduction over a period of years and example of Denmark.

Write further steps that are needed for the implementation of the guidelines and gradual phasing out the trans fat from India’s food systems.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic:  Government Budgeting.

5. Disinvestment is no doubt a bold step taken by the government but its execution is critical for it to be successful and achieve desired outcomes. Analyze. (250 words)

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

Two Public Sector Banks and one general insurance company are expected to be disinvested this year, Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman announced during Budget presentation in Lok Sabha.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the advantages of disinvestment and the need to have flawless execution of the same to accrue those advantages.

Directive:

Analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin by explaining disinvestment and cite some recent examples

Body:

In detail bring out the multiple advantages associated with disinvestment ranging from revenue to better management of PSU’s. Substantiated with examples.

Write about the bold stance taken by the government in this year’s budget for disinvestment and mention the steps it needs to take for the process to acheieve desired results. create confidence in the sale processes, ensure a semblance of fair valuations, give officers some cover from potential post-transaction witch-hunts by auditors and investigating agencies, sequence the sales so that the economy does not face shocks or create monopolies and  manage electoral pressures in jurisdictions where these units would be located.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic:  Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world.

6. What do you understand by the following quote?

“The object of the superior man is the truth”  – Confucius

(150 words)

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: Begin by explain the quote in brief.

Body:

The superior man is a man that stays true to himself. In that, he cultivates aspects of himself that cannot be stolen or sold. The inferior man cultivates aspects of himself for the sake of image and worldly value. In staying true to oneself the superior man understands the value of empowerment. The inferior man only understands control, resulting in abuse of power because of his inferiority.

Substantiate with examples.

Conclusion:

Mention its relevance in the present day.

 

Topic:  Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world.

7. What do you understand by the following quote?

“Let me not pray to be sheltered from dangers, but to be fearless in facing them.”  – Rabindranath Tagore    (150 words)

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin by explaining the quote in your own words.

Body:

The toughest part is taking the first step that gets you out of the boundaries you feel comfortable in. It needs fortitude for take on a new challenges. Take small steps – put yourself in a new environment, do something that scares you, consider other points of view, and ensure that you don’t pick the “safe” choice but rather pick the right choice. Substantiate with examples.

Conclusion:

Mention its relevance in the present day.


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