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The Mughal rulers were men of acute aesthetic awareness and, as patron of art and culture, they built beautiful cities and buildings in India. Trace the evolution of architecture under various Mughal rulers in the sixteenth and seventeenth C.E.

Topic:  Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

1. The Mughal rulers were men of acute aesthetic awareness and, as patron of art and culture, they built beautiful cities and buildings in India. Trace the evolution of architecture under various Mughal rulers in the sixteenth and seventeenth C.E. (250 words)

Reference: Indian art and culture by Nitin Singhania.

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the gradual evolution of Mughal architecture under various Mughal rulers by identifying major elements of change.

Directive:

Trace – find or describe the origin or development of policy/scheme/process. Follow or mark the course or position of something.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

In brief, write about the grandeur of Mughal architecture and emergence of a distinct style of their own.

Body:

In the body, trace the development of various styles of architecture, aesthetic awareness with example.

Babur and Humayun – Not much progress but cite a few examples of the constructed.

Akbar – A very distinct style emerged. The initial use of styles of Bengal and Gujarat in monuments at Agra. Then a distinctive style at monuments at Fathepur Sikri and Delhi.

Jahangir – mention the new features added and changes witnessed with examples.

Shahjahan – write about how Mughal architecture reached its Zenith under him. Distinct features with examples.

Aurangzeb – How his reign is marked with less patronage for arts but nevertheless a few buildings were constructed.

Conclusion:

Summarize the contributions of the Mughal rulers to Indian art and architecture.

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