5. What is the concept of ‘’Smart Wall” with respect to border management? Examine the scope of smart wall in protecting the territorial borders of India? (250 words)
Reference: The Hindu
Why the question:
United States President Joe Biden stopped the construction of the much-publicised “border wall” between the U.S. and Mexico but an alternative has been offered — a ‘smart’ wall that replaces the physical and armed patrolling with advanced surveillance tech.
Key Demand of the question:
To explore the possibility of a smart wall to further secure India’s territorial integrity on its borders.
Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.
Structure of the answer:
Start by defining a smart wall in border management.
Further elaborate on its technological features.
Write about the various border management issues on LoC, Indo-Pak border, LAC, Indo-China border and Indo-Bangladesh border etc. Draw a simple and representation for better illustration. The recommendation of Lt General (Retd) D B Shekatkar headed expert committee.
Next, write about how smart wall and the advantages it offers with respect to various issues in Border managements in India. Write about the impediments in implementing it – cost, terrain, technology, limitations of smart walls and very wide and long border.
Conclude with a way forward.