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INSIGHTS DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS + PIB SUMMARY- 3 February 2021

InstaLinks help you think beyond the issue but relevant to the issue from UPSC prelims and Mains exam point of view. These linkages provided in this ‘hint’ format help you frame possible questions in your mind that might arise(or an examiner might imagine) from each current event. InstaLinks also connect every issue to their static or theoretical background. This helps you study a topic holistically and add new dimensions to every current event to help you think analytically. 

Table of Contents:

GS Paper 1:

1. Lingaraj Temple.

2. ‘Chauri Chaura’ Centenary Celebrations.

 

GS Paper 3:

1. Gobardhan scheme.

2. World Wetlands Day.

 

Facts for Prelims:

1. Indian Ocean Region [IOR] Defence Ministers’ conclave.

 


GS Paper  : 1


 

Topics Covered: Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

Lingaraj Temple:


Context:

Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) has sought inquiry into demolitions by Bhubaneswar Development Authority (BDA) around the 12th century Lingaraj temple.

What’s the issue?

According to the ASI, it is the custodian of the Lingaraj shrine, which is protected under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains Act (AMASR Act).

Local municipal officials did not take permission before carrying out the demolitions.

  • According to the AMASR Act, the 100-metre area surrounding a monument is declared a prohibited zone and another 200 metres in the periphery a regulated area for construction, reconstruction, repairs and renovation work. Any construction or repair work in that periphery requires permission from the National Monument Authority and ASI.

About the temple:

  • Lingaraja Temple is a temple dedicated to Shiva.
  • Built by king Jajati Keshari of Soma Vansh.
  • It is built in red stone and is a classic example of Kalinga style of architecture.
  • Located to the north of the temple is Bindusagar Lake.
  • The temple has images of Vishnu, possibly because of the rising prominence of Jagannath sect emanating from the Ganga rulers who built the Jagannath Temple in Puri in the 12th century.

kalinga_architecture

InstaLinks:

Prelims Link:

  1. Who built the Lingaraj temple?
  2. What is Kalinga style of Architecture?
  3. What is Deula style?
  4. Difference between Nagara and Dravida styles.

 

Sources: Indian Express.

 

Topics Covered: The Freedom Struggle – its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different parts of the country.

‘Chauri Chaura’ Centenary Celebrations:


Context:

February 4th 2021 marks hundred years of the Chauri Chaura incident that had led to Mahatma Gandhi calling off the Non-cooperation Movement.

What is Chauri Chaura incident?

  • The incident occurred at Chauri Chaura in the Gorakhpur district of the United Province, (modern Uttar Pradesh) in British India.
  • During this incident, a large group of protesters, participating in the Non-cooperation movement, clashed with police, who opened fire.
  • The demonstrators attacked and set fire to a police station in retaliation, killing all of its occupants.
  • In response to this, Mahatma Gandhi, who was strictly against violence, halted the Non-cooperation Movement on the national level on 12 February 1922, as a direct result of this incident.

InstaLinks:

Prelims Link:

  1. What is non cooperation movement?
  2. Causes and outcomes.
  3. What is Rowlatt Act?
  4. Chauri Chaura incident.

Mains Link:

Discuss the outcomes of Chauri Chaura incident.

Sources: PIB.

 


GS Paper  : 3


 

Topics Covered: Economics of animal rearing.

Gobardhan scheme:


Context:

The Ministry of Jal Shakti has launched a unified portal on the government’s ‘Gobardhan’ scheme.

  • Farmers can earn Rs 1 lakh cr in 5 yrs from Jal Shakti ministry’s Gobardhan scheme, says govt.

About the Scheme:

The Galvanizing Organic Bio-Agro Resources Dhan (GOBAR-DHAN) scheme is implemented under the Swachh Bharat Mission Gramin-Phase 2, by the Department of Drinking Water and Sanitation under the Jal Shakti ministry.

  • It was launched in 2018.
  • The scheme aims to augment income of farmers by converting biodegradable waste into compressed biogas (CBG).
  • The initiative aims at attracting entrepreneurs for establishing community-based CBG plants in rural areas.

Benefits of the scheme:

  1. Helpful for the country as India is home to the highest cattle population in the world, close to 300 million in number, with a daily output of 3 million tonnes of dung.
  2. Encourage farmers to consider dung and other waste not just as a waste but as a source of income.
  3. Benefits to the rural people. It will be easier to keep the village clean and sanitized, livestock health will improve and farm yields will increase.
  4. Increase self-reliance in energy utilized for cooking and lighting.
  5. Provides a stable fuel supply in the market for oil companies and accessible credit in the market through government schemes and banks for entrepreneurs.

BIOgas

InstaLinks:

Prelims Link:

  1. About the Scheme.
  2. Key features.
  3. What is Compressed Biogas?
  4. What is Swacch Bharat Mission?

Mains Link:

Discuss the significance of Gobar Dhan Scheme.

Sources: PIB.

 

Topics Covered: Conservation related issues.

World Wetlands Day:


Context:

Date: 2nd Feb Every Year. The day also marks the anniversary of the signing of the Convention on Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar Convention) in Ramsar, Iran, on 2 February 1971.

Theme: ‘Wetland Water’.

Protection: Wetlands are currently protected under different designations, including the Ramsar Convention on wetlands, the UNESCO Man and Biosphere Programme and others, and some of these overlap.

What are wetlands?

We can find wetlands wherever water bodies meet the land.

Wetlands include mangroves and marshes, peatlands, rivers, lakes and other water bodies, deltas, floodplains and swamps in forested areas, paddy-fields and coral reefs.

Why wetlands are crucial for a healthy planet?

The health of people on our planet depends on healthy wetlands.

  • 40% of the world’s species live or breed in wetlands.
  • Wetlands are “nurseries of life” – 40% of animals breed in wetlands.
  • Wetlands are “kidneys of the earth” – they clean the environment of pollutants.
  • Wetlands “matter for climate change” – they store 30% of land based carbon.
  • Wetlands “minimize disaster risks” – they absorb storm surge.

Wetlands in India:

India has rich wetlands famous for its biodiversity. As of December 2020, there are 42 Ramsar sites in India.

These are of global significance and are included in the Ramsar list of wetlands.

Ramsar Convention:

  • The Ramsar Convention is an international agreement promoting the conservation of wetlands.
  • The Convention was adopted at Ramsar in Iran in 1971 and came into force in 1975. Almost 90% of the UN member states are part of the Convention.

InstaLinks:

Prelims Link:

  1. About Ramsar convention.
  2. About Montreux record.
  3. Wetlands in India covered under the convention.
  4. Definition of Wetlands.

Sources: UN.

 


Facts for Prelims:


Indian Ocean Region [IOR] Defence Ministers’ conclave:

  • India will host the defence ministers of the countries of the Indian Ocean Region at a conclave during the “Aero India” in Bengaluru.
  • The conclave is being organised in the backdrop of growing Chinese military assertiveness in the Indian Ocean Region (IOR).
  • Theme: ‘Enhanced Peace, Security and Cooperation in the Indian Ocean’.
  • It seeks to promote dialogue in an institutional and cooperative environment that can foster peace, stability and prosperity in the Indian Ocean region.

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