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‘Chauri Chaura’ Centenary Celebrations

Topics Covered: The Freedom Struggle – its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different parts of the country.

‘Chauri Chaura’ Centenary Celebrations:


Context:

February 4th 2021 marks hundred years of the Chauri Chaura incident that had led to Mahatma Gandhi calling off the Non-cooperation Movement.

What is Chauri Chaura incident?

  • The incident occurred at Chauri Chaura in the Gorakhpur district of the United Province, (modern Uttar Pradesh) in British India.
  • During this incident, a large group of protesters, participating in the Non-cooperation movement, clashed with police, who opened fire.
  • The demonstrators attacked and set fire to a police station in retaliation, killing all of its occupants.
  • In response to this, Mahatma Gandhi, who was strictly against violence, halted the Non-cooperation Movement on the national level on 12 February 1922, as a direct result of this incident.

InstaLinks:

Prelims Link:

  1. What is non cooperation movement?
  2. Causes and outcomes.
  3. What is Rowlatt Act?
  4. Chauri Chaura incident.

Mains Link:

Discuss the outcomes of Chauri Chaura incident.

Sources: PIB.