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What is Stardust 1.0 the first rocket to run on biofuel?

Topics Covered: Awareness in space.

What is Stardust 1.0, the first rocket to run on biofuel?


Stardust 1.0 was launched on Jan 31st from Loring Commerce Centre in Maine, US.

  • It has become the first commercial space launch powered by biofuel, which is non-toxic for the environment as opposed to traditionally used rocket fuels.
  • Stardust 1.0 is a launch vehicle suited for student and budget payloads.

What are Biofuels?

Any hydrocarbon fuel that is produced from an organic matter (living or once living material) in a short period of time (days, weeks, or even months) is considered a biofuel.

Biofuels may be solid, liquid or gaseous in nature.

  1. Solid: Wood, dried plant material, and manure.
  2. Liquid: Bioethanol and Biodiesel.
  3. Gaseous: Biogas.


Prelims Link:

  1. What is a biofuel?
  2. Categorisation of biofuels.
  3. Overview of National Policy on Biofuels.
  4. What is ethanol? How is it produced?
  5. About Stardust 1.0.

Mains Link:

Discuss the importance of biofuels for India? Critically examine whether the national policy on biofuels will help India unlock it’s biofuel potential?

Sources: Indian Express.