Topic: Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues;
1. Plassey and Buxar breached the gates and set the stage for the British conquest of India. Critically Comment. (250 words)
Reference: A Brief History of Modern India by Spectrum Publishers
Why the question:
The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1.
Key Demand of the question:
To write about the outcomes of Battle of Plassey and Battle of Buxar and to determine to the extent the facilitated the conquest of India.
Critically comment – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘comment’ is prefixed, we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.
Structure of the answer:
In brief, mention about the Battle of Plassey and Battle of Buxar – emphasizing on its impact.
In detail, outline the major outcomes of Battle of Plassey and mention how it played a part in setting the stage for foundations of British Indian Empire. Foot in the door, riches of Bengal, role of Plassey in victory in third Carnatic War.
Next, outline the major impact of Buxar and mention how it played a part in setting the stage for foundations of British Indian Empire. Defeat the major powers, making East India Company as prominent political entity and territorial increase etc.
Finally, examine to the extent the battles facilitated the conquest of India by British. Presence of important powers like Mysore, Marathas and Punjab, still a relatively new entrant to Indian politics, commercial nature of the company etc.
Pass a balanced judgement to the extent Plassey and Buxar played in the formation of British Indian Empire.