Topic: Government Budgeting.
4. Enumerate the key Highlights of the Union Budget 2021-22. Given the lessons learnt during the pandemic, do you think the budget offers proper solutions to the issues faced in public health? Critically analyze. (250 words)
Reference: The Hindu
Why the question:
Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman made a brave effort to make good use of the lessons learnt from the unprecedented global health crisis and ensuing economic setback to put lives and livelihoods back on track.
Key Demand of the question:
To write about the important highlights of the budget to analyze if the budget offers proper solution to issues faced in the public health sector.
Critically analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.
Structure of the answer:
Begin by giving the context and the announcement of Union Budget 2021-22.
In the first write about the key highlights of the budget – health and well-being, physical and financial capital and infrastructure, inclusive development for aspirational India, reinvigorating human capital, innovation and R&D, and ‘Minimum Government, Maximum Governance.
Next, write about the major lessons learnt during the pandemic regarding the health sector. Overburdened, lack of doctors, unavailability of life saving devices, medicines, lack of R&D etc.
Write in detail about the proposals of the current budget in this regard and analyses their pros and cons. Mention if the allocation for vaccine overshadows the infrastructure aspect for health.
Conclude with a way forward.