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Why did India choose to go in for the production of nuclear weapons? Trace the evolution of India’s nuclear policy.

Topic:  Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues;

1. Why did India choose to go in for the production of nuclear weapons? Trace the evolution of India’s nuclear policy. (250 words)

Reference: India’s Since Independence by Bipan Chandra.

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1.

Key Demand of the question:

To state the reasons as to why India started the production of nuclear weapons and to bring out the evolution of India’s nuclear policy.

Directive:

Trace – find or describe the origin and development of a policy/scheme.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin by writing about the broad aims and objectives of India’s nuclear policy.

Body:

In the first part, write about the reasons as to why India chose to have a nuclear weapons stockpile. Credible minimum deterrent, The Sino-Indian war setback of 1962, security threats from Pakistan, domestic political pressures, international status and strategic autonomy etc.

In the next part write about the evolution of India’s nuclear policy. Under Nehru and Homi Bhabha, Under Shastri, Indira years, Pokhran-I, Pokhran-II and present day policy.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing about despite India’s nuclear weapon arsenal and India’s commitment to ‘no first use doctrine’.