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Corruption Perception Index 2020

Topics Covered: Role of civil services in a democracy.

Corruption Perception Index 2020:


Context:

Corruption Perception Index 2020 has been released.

  • It is prepared by Transparency International.

What is Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI)?

It is a composite index that draws from 12 surveys to rank nations around the globe.

  • It has become a benchmark gauge of perceptions of corruption and is used by analysts and investors.
  • The index is also based on expert opinions of public sector corruption and takes note of range of factors like whether governmental leaders are held to account or go unpunished for corruption, the perceived prevalence of bribery, and whether public institutions respond to citizens’ needs.

How are the countries ranked?

  • It ranks 180 countries and territories by their perceived levels of public sector corruption, according to experts and business people.
  • It uses a scale of zero to 100, where zero is highly corrupt and 100 is very clean.

India’s performance:

  • India slipped six places to 86th position this year.
  • India’s score is below the average score of the Asia-Pacific region (31 countries) and global average.
  • India’s overall score is also two points less than that of China, which docked at 78th position.

Overall best and worst performers:

  • The list was topped by New Zealand and Denmark (88 each).
  • South Sudan and Somalia were at the bottom of the global ranking, with scores of 12 each.

Corruption and COVID-19:

The latest edition of CPI highlighted the impact of corruption on government responses to COVID-19, comparing countries’ performance in the index to their investment in health care and the extent to which democratic norms and institutions have been weakened during the pandemic.

Sources: Indian Express.