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Chabahar Port

Topics Covered: India and its neighbourhood- relations.

Chabahar Port:


Context:

India delivers 2 cranes for Chabahar. This is part of a bilateral contract between India and Iran signed in May 2016 for $85 million to equip and operationalise the port.

  • Amid talks with Iranian authorities, it signals a push to the port project.

Significance:

India’s plans to invest further in the port project are seen as an indicator that the government expects some easing up in U.S. sanctions in the upcoming months, once the new Biden administration begins to address its policy on re-entering the Iran nuclear deal.

Where is Chabahar Port?

Located on the Gulf of Oman and is the only oceanic port of the country.

Why Chabahar port is important for India?

  1. With this, India can bypass Pakistan in transporting goods to Afghanistan.
  2. It will also boost India’s access to Iran, the key gateway to the International North-South Transport Corridor that has sea, rail and road routes between India, Russia, Iran, Europe and Central Asia.
  3. It also helps India counter Chinese presence in the Arabian Sea which China is trying to ensure by helping Pakistan develop the Gwadar port. Gwadar port is less than 400 km from Chabahar by road and 100 km by sea.
  4. With Chabahar port being developed and operated by India, Iran also becomes a military ally to India. Chabahar could be used in case China decides to flex its navy muscles by stationing ships in Gwadar port to reckon its upper hand in the Indian Ocean, Persian Gulf and Middle East.
  5. Trade benefits: With Chabahar port becoming functional, there will be a significant boost in the import of iron ore, sugar and rice to India. The import cost of oil to India will also see a considerable decline. India has already increased its crude purchase from Iran since the West imposed ban on Iran was lifted.
  6. From a diplomatic perspective, Chabahar port could be used as a point from where humanitarian operations could be coordinated.

InstaLinks:

Prelims Link:

  1. Location of Chabahar Port.
  2. What is INSTC?
  3. Gulf of Oman.
  4. Zahaden.
  5. Countries in the Indian Ocean region.

Mains Link:

Discuss why Chabahar port is significant for India.

Sources: the Hindu.