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14 new minor forest produce items included under MSP scheme

Topics Covered: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

14 new minor forest produce items included under MSP scheme:


Context:

The government has decided to include 14 new minor forest produce items under the mechanism for marketing of minor forest produce through a minimum support price scheme.

  • Newly included items are Tasar Cocoon, elephant apple dry, bamboo shoot, malkangani seed and wild dry mushroom among others.

About the Scheme:

The Central government had introduced a minimum support price for a selected list of minor produce items through mechanism for marketing of Minor Forest Produce through Minimum Support price and development of Value Chain of MFP Scheme in 2011.

  • It aims to provide a social safety net to these underprivileged forest dwellers, and to aid in their empowerment.

Implementation:

  1. The responsibility of purchasing MFP on MSP will be with State designated agencies.
  2. To ascertain market price, services of market correspondents would be availed by the designated agencies particularly for major markets trading in MFP.
  3. The scheme supports primary value addition as well as provides for supply chain infrastructure like cold storage, warehouses etc.
  4. The Ministry of Tribal Affairs will be the nodal Ministry for implementation and monitoring of the scheme. The Minimum Support Price would be determined by the Ministry with technical help of TRIFED.

What is MFP?

  • Section 2(i) of the Forest Rights Act defines a Minor Forest Produce (MFP) as all non-timber forest produce of plant origin and includes bamboo, brushwood, stumps, canes, cocoon, honey, waxes, Lac, tendu/kendu leaves, medicinal plants etc.

InstaLinks:

Prelims Link:

  1. Who decides about Products to be covered under MFP?
  2. How many products are currently covered under MFP?
  3. Permission for collection of MFPs inside National Parks and other protected areas?
  4. Centrally sponsored vs Central Sector schemes.
  5. Who decides on MSP?

Mains Link:

Recognition of tribal rights over non-timber forest products (NTFPs) would accelerate empowerment of the poor and marginalised. Comment.

Sources: PIB.