Topics Covered: Issues related to Health.
COVID-19 performance ranking:
The COVID-19 “performance index” has been put together by the Lowy Institute, an Australian think tank.
About the Index:
- The index seeks “to gauge the relative performance of countries”.
- The index is based on six different indicators, including confirmed cases and deaths per million people and the scale of testing.
- Publicly available and comparable data on Covid-19 response was used for this index.
How were the countries ranked?
- Countries were sorted into broad categories on the basis of regions, political systems, population size, and economic development.
- This was done to determine the variations that may have existed in the way different nations handled the pandemic.
- China was excluded from the list due to lack of publicly available data.
Performance of various countries:
- New Zealand, Vietnam and Taiwan have been ranked the top three spots, respectively.
- India has ranked 86th.
- Sri Lanka was the best faring nation in South Asia, ranking 10.
- Maldives was at 25, Pakistan at 69, Nepal at 70, and Bangladesh at 84.
- The lowest score was given to Brazil.
- Mexico, Colombia, Iran and the United States too featured among the bottom five countries in terms of performance.
- While some countries managed the coronavirus crisis better than others, the index noted that most countries “outcompeted each other only by degrees of underperformance”.
- Levels of economic development and differences in political systems didn’t have as much of an impact on coronavirus response as expected.
- On an average, countries with authoritarian establishments had no “prolonged advantage” in containing the virus.
- It was found that democracies had “marginally” more success than other governments in their handling of the pandemic.
- There was little “discernible difference” in a country’s performance by population size.
- Smaller countries with populations of fewer than 10 million people consistently outperformed their larger counterparts throughout 2020, although this lead narrowed slightly towards the end of the examined period.
Sources: the Hindu.