Topic: Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues;
1. The concept of Total Revolution as enunciated by Jayaprakash Narayan is a confluence of his ideas on seven revolutions i.e. social, economic, political, cultural, ideological and intellectual, educational and spiritual. Elucidate. (250 words)
Reference: India’s Since Independence by Bipan Chandra.
Why the question:
The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1.
Key Demand of the question:
To elaborate on the various concepts and components of Total Revolution by Jayaprakash Narayan.
Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.
Structure of the answer:
Start by describing the Total Revolution of JP.
In the body, further elaborate upon the various components of the total revolution:
Social – socialism, welfarism, government, developments of harijans, tribal people and all weaker sections of the social structure
Economic – industrial, agricultural, technological revolutions, developments of peasants and workers.
Political – democratic process, political corruption, justice, freedom, electoral reforms,
Cultural – national unity, free, progressive and Gandhian India.
Ideological and intellectual – scientific and philosophical.
Educational – education for masses, vocational training etc.
Spiritual – personal and social ethics and values of life, moral and spiritual development
Stress of the importance of the impact of Total Revolution.