Topic: Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.
3. New Delhi’s entry into the UN Security Council (UNSC) coincides with the emergence of a new world order. Hence India’s quest of its goals at the UNSC must have a clear agenda and also reflect its material and geopolitical limitations. Discuss. (250 words)
Reference: The Hindu
Why the question:
Five new countries — India, Mexico, Norway, Ireland and Kenya — formally joined the U.N. Security Council on Monday at a time of growing polarization in the body charged with keeping world peace and security.
Key Demand of the question:
To write about the path India has to pursue in order to achieve its goals at the UNSC in the face of emerging new world order.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
Begin by mentioning the start of India’s tenure as the non-permanent member of UNSC and the opportunity it offers.
In the first part of the body, address the emergence of the new world order. Systemic uncertainty, little care for global commons, absence of global leadership, the steady division of the world into rival blocs, and an age marked by unabashed pursuit of narrow national interests, putting even the rhetoric about a value-based global order on the backburner. Also, mention the changes witnessed in India.
In the next part, mention how India should purse it long term goals in this short tenure having a clear agenda whilst reflecting its limitations. The China Issue, Cross Border terrorism, build coalitions among like-minded states, address issues like climate change and non-proliferation, the Indo-Pacific and set out its priorities for the next decade etc.
Stress on the fact that India’s approach should be a practical long term approach.