Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.
4. What are the implications of U.S.A rejoining the Paris climate agreement? The U.S. administration needs to do much more than just rejoining the Paris Agreement. Analyze. (250 words)
Reference: The Hindu
Why the question:
Joe Biden assumed office as President of the United States on January 20, 2021, and among the first orders he signed was one to restore America’s participation in the United Nations Paris Agreement on climate change.
Key Demand of the question:
To write about the impact of U.S.A rejoining the Paris Climate Deal after a hiatus of 4 years and to make a case that the superpower should do much more that merely re-join the deal.
Analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.
Structure of the answer:
Give a brief of the mandate that was set by the ambitious Paris Agreement of 2015.
In the first part, given the context with regards to changed witnessed under Trump presidency.
Next in detail, bring out the implication of U.S rejoining the climate deal. Emission cuts, net-zero emissions, Federal investments, Funding, Research and Development, Strong support for multilateralism and accountability from other countries etc.
Finally, write how U.S.A being the global leader must to do much more than to return to the Paris fold. Renewed focus on foreign aid, regaining political legitimacy, take responsibility, commit to technology and funds for poorer countries and clean up the role of lobbyists etc.
Conclude with a way forward on the U.S can make use of the this opportunity of change of administration to take concrete steps to save the planet.