Print Friendly, PDF & Email

Scottish leader seeks ‘legal referendum’

Topics Covered: Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.

Scottish leader seeks ‘legal referendum’:


Scotland’s First Minister Nicola Sturgeon recently said she planned to hold a legal referendum on independence from Britain despite Westminster’s opposition, as an opinion poll showed a majority would vote yes.

When was the last referendum held?

Referendum for Scottish independence was held in 2014. Scotland had voted to remain in the UK.

When did Scotland and England unite?

  • The Act of Union between Scotland and England was signed on Jan. 16, 1707.
  • It came into effect on May 1 of that year, creating the United Kingdom of Britain.
  • The Scottish Parliament was dissolved, and a single Parliament was created at Westminster in London.

Why did Scotland and England join in the first place?

Scotland and England have a complicated history, but the short answer is that Scotland needed an economic boost. The country’s finances were a mess after a failed attempt to establish a trading colony in Panama. This unsuccessful scheme was conclusive evidence that Scotland’s future prosperity was best served by union.

What is the main case for independence?

  • Those who support independence believe Scotland “would be richer” if it breaks from England.
  • Proponents of independence want Scotland to make its own decisions about how resources are controlled and money is invested.
  • Rather than investing billions of pounds in nuclear weapons, for example, they would focus on things like childcare or programs to retain talent and encourage young Scots to stay.


Prelims Link:

  1. Scotland- location.
  2. Demand for independence.
  3. When and why it was united with Britain?

Mains Link:

Discuss the significance of Referendum.

Sources: the Hindu.