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RSTV: SCIENCE MONITOR 9.01.2021

RSTV

 

CSIR- NPL 75th Foundation Day:

  • CSIR-NPL, New Delhi, is one of the few premier laboratories established under Council of Scientific and Industrial Research(CSIR)  before independence on January 04, 1947.
  • As a beginning of the Platinum Jubilee year and to commemorate this special day as its NPL Foundation Day Celebrations, CSIR-NPL  organised a National Metrology Conclave  under the theme ‘Metrology for the Inclusive Growth of the Nation’.
  • The theme of the conclave was ‘Metrology for the Inclusive Growth of the Nation’.
  • Prime Minister lauded the Indian scientists for successfully developing two Indian COVID vaccines. He said India’s Covid vaccination Program is the largest in the world and is about to be started. He lauded the scientific institutions in the country including CSIR for coming together to find solutions for every challenge faced by the country.
  • National Atomic Timescale and Bhartiya NirdeshakDravyaPranali were dedicated to the Nation and foundation Stone of National Environmental Standards Laboratory  through a video conference was laid.
  • The Prime Minister urged CSIR to interact with school students to raise awareness about the efforts of the institute. He said this would inspire and motivate them to become scientists in future. He praised CSIR NPL for having played an important role in the evolution and evaluation in the development of the country.
  • India was dependent on foreign standards for quality and measurement. But now India’s pace, progress, rise, image, and strength of India will be decided by our own standards.
  • Metrology which is science of measuring also sets the foundation for any scientific achievement. No research can proceed without measurement. Even our achievement has to be measured on some scale.
  • Credibility of the country in the world will be dependent on the reliability of its metrology. Metrology is like a mirror showing us our standing in the world, the scope for improvement.
  • CSIR-NPL which is the National Metrology Institute (NMI) of India; Member of the General Conference of Weight and Measures (CGPM), BIPM an International Intergovernmental organisation constituted by diplomatic treaty i.e. ‘The Metre Convention’; and Founder Member of the Global Regional Metrology Organisation i.e., Asia Pacific Metrology Program (APMP), has the mandate to realize, establish, upgrade, maintain and disseminate the measurement standards by Act of Parliament.

National Science and Technology Innovation Policy:

  • STIP will lead to the establishment of a National STI Observatory that will act as a central repository for all kinds of data related to and generated from the STI ecosystem.
  • It will encompass an open centralised database platform for all financial schemes, programmes, grants and incentives existing in the ecosystem
  • A future-looking, all-encompassing Open Science Framework will be built to provide access to scientific data, information, knowledge, and resources to everyone in the country and all who are engaging with the Indian STI ecosystem on an equal partnership basis. All data used in and generated from publicly-funded research will be available to everyone.
  • Strategies to improve STI education making it inclusive at all levels and more connected with the economy and society will be developed through processes of skill building, training and infrastructure development.
  • Engaged Universities will be created to promote interdisciplinary research to address community needs.
  • With an aim to expand the financial landscape of the STI ecosystem, each department/ ministry in the central, the state and the local governments, public sector enterprises, private sector companies and startups will set up an STI unit with a minimum earmarked budget to pursue STI activities.
  • The policy aims to create a fit for purpose, accountable research ecosystem promoting translational as well as foundational research in India in alignment with global standards.
  • The policy envisions strengthening of the overall innovative ecosystem, fostering Science & Technology (S&T)- enabled entrepreneurship, and improving participation of the grassroots levels in the research and innovation ecosystem.
  • An institutional architecture to integrate Traditional Knowledge Systems (TKS) and grassroots innovation into the overall education, research and innovation system will be established.
  • Collaborations between grassroots innovators and scientists will be facilitated through joint research projects, fellowships and scholarships.
  • The policy will promote technology self-reliance and indigenization to achieve the larger goal of “Atmanirbhar Bharat”.
  • A two-way approach of indigenous development of technology as well as technology indigenization will be adopted and focused upon in alignment with national priorities, like sustainability and social benefit, and resources.
  • A Strategic Technology Development Fund (STDF) will be created to incentivize the private sector and HEIs.
  • The policy provides renewed impetus to the mainstreaming of equity and inclusion within the STI ecosystem.
  • An India-centric Equity & Inclusion (E&I) charter will be developed for tackling all forms of discrimination, exclusions and inequalities in STI leading to the development of an institutional mechanism.
  • An inclusive culture will be facilitated .
  • The policy will work towards mainstreaming science communication and public engagement through the development of capacity building avenues through creative and cross-disciplinary platforms, research initiatives, and outreach platforms.
  • A decentralized institutional mechanism balancing top-down and bottom-up approaches, focussing on administrative and financial management, research governance, data and regulatory frameworks and system interconnectedness, will be formulated for a robust STI Governance.
  • The policy outlines the institutional mechanism for STI policy governance along with the implementation strategy and roadmap and monitoring and evaluation framework for the policy and programs and their interlinkages.

India’s 40th Expedition to Antartica:

  • 40th Indian Scientific Expedition departed for Antarctica from Mormugao Port, Goa.
  • The 40th expedition journey was be flagged off with 43 members onboard.
  • After about 22 years, the Antarctica expedition is procuring fuel from Indian Oil.
  • Polar regions are crucially important in answering key questions about the global climate change, its contribution towards global sea-level rise, the background aerosol properties, variability in the sea ice cover and phenomenon like Antarctic haze and ozone concentrations.
  • Attempts to address some of these issues are helping in mitigating several important problems concerning human life and well-being.
  • Every expedition is different and presents diverse challenges, but the 40th expedition is unique, as it takes place amid the coronavirus pandemic with innumerable logistical challenges.
  • The expedition, apart from its scientific mission, shall carry out the humanitarian responsibility of relieving the 48-strong winter crew from their 15-month tenure, while resupplying the bases with food, fuel, provisions and spares for operations and maintenance of life support systems.
  • With the association with the 40th ISEA, the Corporation has earned the unique distinction of providing uninterrupted availability of petroleum products from the coldest region of the country-from Leh to the coldest region of the world-Antarctica.
  • The country’s major fuel supplier, Indian Oil Corporation Ltd. has supplied Jet A1 fuel, lubes and Marine Gas Oil (MGO) as a bouquet offering for the prestigious 40th Indian Scientific Expedition to Antarctica (ISEA) mission. The unique feature of this supply is that the aviation fuel Jet A1 has been supplied in bulk and packed form to a non-aviation customer and is delivered to an ocean-going vessel for the first time. The fuel will be used for aviation support and power generation units as well as in snowmobiles and for the voyage itself. Till the last expedition, fuel was being obtained from outside the country.
  • India has two stations in the polar continent of Antarctica – Maitri and Bharati, which are being operated.