Topic: Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues;
1. In the Civil Disobedience Movement, the Gandhian strategy of Struggle-Truce-Struggle was clearly and out rightly manifested. But did the strategy delay India’s independence? Critically Analyse. (250 words)
Reference: India’s Struggle for Independence by Bipan Chandra.
Why the question:
The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1.
Key Demand of the question:
To analyse and determine if the Gandhian strategy of S-T-S delayed independence.
Critically analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.
Structure of the answer:
Being by describing the Struggle-Truce-Struggle strategy of Gandhi.
In the first part, link how S-T-S was used during the CDM and the reasons therefore. Mention about inherent limitations of masses, need for the truce, advantages it gives and how truce not necessarily means surrender etc.
In the next part, analyse how some contemporary nationalists and historians accuse S-T-S strategy as reason for delayed freedom. But state reasons that S-T-S was tactical choice in a prolonged freedom struggle and give reasons as to how it did not delay freedom.
Conclude by passing a balanced judgment regarding the S-T-S strategy and its role in India’s independence.