Topic: Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues;
2. The appointment of the Simon Commission revived a ‘moribund Indian nationalism’. Critically Analyze. (250 words)
Reference: India’s Struggle for Independence by Bipan Chandra.
Why the question:
The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1.
Key Demand of the question:
The appointment of an all-White Simon Commission sprung to action nationalists of all creed and shades as the national movement had entered in to a state of passivity. But was it really ‘moribund’?
Critically analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.
Structure of the answer:
Start the answer by writing about the need to appoint Simon Commission and why it was opposed by Indians.
Write about the immediate and unanimous response in nationalists of India regarding the insult heaped on them by not including an India in deciding their own future. Boycott of the Commission, Hartals, mass rallies, processions and black-flag demonstrations all over. New form of Protests which were improvised to send the message and the popular slogan of ‘Simon Go Back’.
Also, write about the repressive government response resorting to lathi charges and arrests.
In the next part, analyze that the Simon boycott movement provided the first taste of political action to a new generation of youth and provided impetus to a passive national movment by re-invigorating the leaders.
However, analyse that nationalism was not ‘moribund’ but just passive after the withdrawal of the non-cooperation movement. Mention about the struggle of swarjists, congress constructive work etc to substantiate your points,
Conclude by the summarizing the overall impact of Anti-Simon Commission protests.