Topic: Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues;
1. A peculiar distinction to the politics of the Swarajists was their avowed intention of wrecking the reforms from within councils as well outside it. Elucidate. (250 words)
Reference: India’s Struggle for Independence by Bipan Chandra.
Why the question:
The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1.
Key Demand of the question:
To elaborate upon the modus operandi adopted by the Swarjists – The methods of obstruction to all government sponsored in order to destroy the prestige of the councils as well as to carry out the nationalist work outside it.
Elucidate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.
Structure of the answer:
Begin by mentioning the reason for the formation of Swaraj Party, its aims and objectives.
Mention about the nature of the struggle and resistance that the swarjists carried out.
In the first part, mention the nature they adopted within the councils in order to destroy the prestige of the councils. Throw out all proposals for legislative enactments, force recognition of their rights, support measures and bills necessary for the healthy growth of national life, help the constructive programme of the Congress, to prevent the drain of public wealth, project the rights of labour etc.
In the next part, write about the nationalistic work done by the swarjists outside the legislative councils. Inter-communal unity, removal of untouchability, Village organization, boycott of selected British goods, organisation of agencies for propaganda outside India of national work and enlisting sympathy and support of foreign countries in the struggle for ‘Swaraj’ etc.
Underscore the importance of the Swarjists and their contribution to Indian national Movement.