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How a US President can be impeached?

Topics Covered: Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries.

How a US President can be impeached?


Context:

Democrats in the House of Republicans introduced an article of impeachment against U.S. President Donald Trump — the “incitement of insurrection” for his role in the attack on the Capitol recently.

What is Impeachment?

Impeachment is a provision that allows Congress to remove the President of the United States.

Under the US Constitution:

  • The House of Representatives (Lower House) has the “the sole power of impeachment” while the Senate (Upper House) has “the sole power to try all impeachments”.
  • The Chief Justice of the US Supreme Court has the duty of presiding over impeachment trials in the Senate.

Grounds for impeachment:

  • The President can be removed from office for “treason, bribery, or other high crimes and misdemeanors”.
  • Essentially, it means an abuse of power by a high-level public official. This does not necessarily have to be a violation of an ordinary criminal statute.
  • Historically, in the US, it has encompassed corruption and other abuses, including trying to obstruct judicial proceedings..

Stage_By_Stage

InstaLinks:

Prelims Link:

  1. Elections- US President vs Indian President.
  2. Impeachment.
  3. Powers.

Mains Link:

How a US President is impeached? Discuss.

Sources: the Hindu.