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The shift to electric vehicles is not only economically and environmentally viable but has potential to bring about a change in India’s foreign policy. Examine the measures taken by India so far in order to promote the progression towards electric vehicles.

Topic:  indigenization of technology and developing new technology.

5. The shift to electric vehicles is not only economically and environmentally viable but has potential to bring about a change in India’s foreign policy. Examine the measures taken by India so far in order to promote the progression towards electric vehicles. (250 words)

Reference: The Hindu 

Why the question:

India is now in the race for the electric vehicles as they have plethora of advantages over fossil fuel based vehicles and this article captures the same.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the impact of shifting to electric vehicles on the environment, economy and foreign policy and also to examine India’s preparedness and measures taken so far to achieve the transition to electric vehicles.

Directive:

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by describing the electric vehicles (EV) technology vis-à-vis fossil fuel based vehicles.

Body:

Mention the impact the EV can have on India economically in terms of reducing dependence on crude oil and reduced import bill and improved domestic energy independence.

Write about the environmental benefits of shift to EV – Give facts and figures relation to vehicular emission in India, the impact of it and how shifting to EV can be environmentally advantageous as well as sustainable in the long run.

Mention as to how there can be a potential shift in the foreign policy with more progression in EV, as we look beyond West Asia and towards Latin America.

Examine the various measures taken in this regard so far such as FAME-I, FAME-II, Developing domestic battery manufacturing capacity, mining for Lithium and Cobalt etc.

Suggest further steps need in this regard.

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