Topic: Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues;
1. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, a man who had already made a name for himself with his leadership of the struggle of Indians in South Africa and by leading the struggles of Indian peasants and workers in Champaran, Ahmedabad and Kheda, was now ready to take up the mantle of India’s National Movement. Comment. (250 words)
Reference: India’s Struggle for Independence by Bipan Chandra.
Why the question:
The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1.
Key Demand of the question:
To explain as to how Gandhi was ready with his experiences in South Africa and India to emerge as the leader of Indian National Movement.
Comment– here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.
Structure of the answer:
Start by giving context of Mahatma Gandhi’s sojourn with various struggles in India and South Africa.
Elaborate on various struggles that Mahatma Gandhi took to fight racial discrimination, unjust practices and his various Satyagraha against discriminatory laws.
In the next part, mention about Gandhian movements in Champaran. Ahmedabad and Kheda and the method adopted. Wrtite about the lessons by Gandhi and how he further practiced the technique of Satygraha at a local level.
Mention about how Gandhi gained experience and developed a style of leadership acceptable to all from the above events.
Summarize as to how the above prepared Gandhi develop his tried and tested Satyagraha method and his unique style of leadership and took over the helm of India’s national movement.