Topic: Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues;
2. Jallianwala Bagh massacre epitomizes the brutality and oppressive nature of British Rule in India. Discuss. What were the outcomes of Jallianawala Bagh incident on the Indian National movement? (250 words)
Reference: India’s Struggle for Independence by Bipan Chandra.
Why the question:
The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1.
Key Demand of the question:
To write about Jallianwala bagh massacre and the atrocities it wreaked up on innocent Indians and to mention about the impact of Jallianwala Bagh on contemporary India.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
Start by giving a brief account of monstrosity of Jallianwala Bagh.
Mention the causes of massacre and it epitomizes the brutality of the British. Draw parallels to other atrocities on revolutionaries, famines and violent suppression of various revolts and rebellions.
Write about the short term and long term impact of the massacre. The clashes all over the country, return of awards, loss of the total remaining faith in the British, Its role in noncooperation movement, impact on revolutionary nationalism, Lessons for Gandhi etc.
Conclude on how the massacre instilled a new spirit of togetherness among nationalists of all strands.