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China- Taiwan relations

Topics Covered: Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries ,India and its neighborhood- relations.

China- Taiwan relations:


Context:

U.S. removes restrictions on diplomatic contact with Taiwan.

  • The move is expected to upset China.

Recent developments:

The Trump administration has sought to strengthen bilateral relations with Taiwan.

  • It announced UN Ambassador Kelly Craft would go to Taiwan, a move that sparked sharp criticism from Beijing and a warning that the U.S. would pay a heavy price.
  • In August, Health and Human Services Secretary became the first Cabinet member to visit Taiwan since 2014.

China and Taiwan:

The Chinese government maintains that mainland China and Taiwan are parts of “one China.”

  • China has been stepping up its threats to bring the self-governing island under its control by military force with frequent war games and aerial patrols.
  • It has been using its diplomatic clout to stop Taiwan from joining any organisations that require statehood for membership.

InstaLinks:

Prelims Link:

  1. Location of Taiwan and its historical background.
  2. Regions being administered by China under One China policy.
  3. Is Taiwan represented at WHO and the United Nations?
  4. Countries in South China Sea.
  5. Qing dynasty.

Mains Link:

Write a note on India- Taiwan bilateral relations.

Sources: the Hindu.