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Kochi-Mangaluru LNG pipeline

Topics Covered: Infrastructure- energy.

Kochi-Mangaluru LNG pipeline:


Context:

Inaugurated recently by PM.

  • It is 450km long.
  • It provide another 21 lakh PNG connections.

What next?

  1. As part of efforts to make India a natural gas-based economy, 10,000 more CNG (compressed natural gas) stations would be opened and several lakh PNG (piped natural gas) household connections given in the coming days.
  2. The government has a concrete plan to move towards a gas-based economy that would be cheaper, convenient and environment-friendly.
  3. The government would make substantial investments in coal and gas sectors. The plan was to increase the share of natural gas in the energy sector from the present 6% to 15% by 2030.

“One nation, one gas grid” concept:

It will be high-voltage electric power transmission network in mainland India, connecting power stations and major substations and ensuring that electricity generated anywhere in mainland India can be used to satisfy demand elsewhere.

Evolution of National Grid:

  1. Grid management on regional basis started in sixties.
  2. Initially, State grids were inter-connected to form regional grid and India was demarcated into 5 regions namely Northern, Eastern, Western, North Eastern and Southern region.
  3. In August 2006 North and East grids were interconnected thereby 4 regional grids Northern, Eastern, Western and North Eastern grids are synchronously connected forming central grid operating at one frequency.
  4. On 31st December 2013, Southern Region was connected to Central Grid in Synchronous mode with the commissioning of 765kV Raichur-Solapur Transmission line thereby achieving ‘ONE NATION’-‘ONE GRID’-‘ONE FREQUENCY’.

Benefits of a National Grid:

  1. Better availability resulting in lesser power cuts.
  2. More stability in power.
  3. Better synchronisation.

InstaLinks:

Prelims Link:

  1. About One Nation One Grid.
  2. What is National Grid.
  3. About UDAY Scheme.
  4. What is Natural Gas?

Mains Link:

Discuss the significance of National Grid.

Sources: the Hindu.