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INSIGHTS DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS + PIB SUMMARY- 6 January 2021

InstaLinks help you think beyond the issue but relevant to the issue from UPSC prelims and Mains exam point of view. These linkages provided in this ‘hint’ format help you frame possible questions in your mind that might arise(or an examiner might imagine) from each current event. InstaLinks also connect every issue to their static or theoretical background. This helps you study a topic holistically and add new dimensions to every current event to help you think analytically.

current affairs, current events, current gk, insights ias current affairs, upsc ias current affairs

Table of Contents:

GS Paper 1:

1. Why stakes are high in renaming of Aurangabad as Sambhaji Nagar?

 

GS Paper 2:

1. Judicial review.

2. Gulf leaders sign deal to end years-long dispute.

 

GS Paper 3:

1. Kochi-Mangaluru LNG pipeline.

2. Asian Waterbird Census.

3. Economic Impact due to Internet shutdowns; over double of 20 others’.

 

Facts for Prelims:

1. Sagarmala Seaplane Services.

2. TRIFOOD Parks.

 


GS Paper  : 1


 

Topics Covered: Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues.

Why stakes are high in renaming of Aurangabad as Sambhaji Nagar?


Context:

There is a long standing demand of the Shiv Sena for renaming Aurangabad city in Maharashtra as Sambahji Nagar.

The city and its name:

  • Aurangabad was built in 1610 by Malik Ambar of the Nijamshahi dynasty.
  • It was renamed Aurangabad by Mughal emperor Aurangzeb when he made it his capital.

Why there is a demand for renaming?

Aurangzeb, who lived in Aurangabad until his death, tortured and killed Chhatrapati Sambahji Maharaj, son of the Maratha warrior king Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj.

Thus, they are demanding that the city be renamed Sambhaji Nagar.

Background:

In 1995, the Aurangabad Municipal Corporation (AMC) passed a resolution to rename Aurangabad as Sambhaji Nagar.

Sources: Indian Express.

 


GS Paper  : 2


 

Topics Covered: Separation of powers between various organs dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions.

Judicial review:


Context:

The Supreme Court has refused to treat the Central Vista project as a unique one requiring greater or “heightened” judicial review.

What has the Court said?

  1. A majority view of the Supreme Court said the government was “entitled to commit errors or achieve successes” in policy matters without the court’s interference as long as it follows constitutional principles.
  2. It is not the court’s concern to enquire into the priorities of an elected government. Judicial review is never meant to venture into the mind of the government and thereby examine validity of a decision.

What is Judicial Review?

Judicial review is the power of Judiciary to review any act or order of Legislative and Executive wings and to pronounce upon the constitutional validity when challenged by the affected person.

Judicial review present in India:

  1. The power of Judicial Review comes from the Constitution of India itself (Articles 13, 32, 136, 142 and 147 of the Constitution).
  2. The power of judicial review is evoked to protect and enforce the fundamental rights guaranteed in Part III of the Constitution.
  3. Article 13 of the Constitution prohibits the Parliament and the state legislatures from making laws that “may take away or abridge the fundamental rights” guaranteed to the citizens of the country.
  4. The provisions of Article 13 ensure the protection of the fundamental rights and consider any law “inconsistent with or in derogation of the fundamental rights” as void.

judicial

InstaLinks:

Prelims Link:

  1. What is JR?
  2. Evolution.
  3. Articles 13, 21 and 32.

Mains Link:

What is Judicial Review in the Indian Context? Discuss.

Sources: the Hindu.

 

Topics Covered: Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.

Gulf leaders sign deal to end years-long dispute:


Context:

Gulf leaders have signed a “solidarity and stability” deal after leaders of Saudi Arabia and Qatar publicly embraced, bringing Doha back into the regional fold after a three-year-long rift.

 What was the dispute?

Saudi Arabia had led a coalition of countries in the Gulf and beyond to cut ties and transport links with Qatar in June 2017, charging that it was too close to Iran and backed radical Islamist groups allegations that Doha denied.

Why peace in the region is important?

  1. Any kind of instability in the Middle East tends to send up oil prices, and the longer prices stay high, the more likely it is that it will cost more to fill up your tank.
  2. Qatar is the world’s biggest supplier of LNG and Egypt and UAE are key recipients.
  3. India depends on Qatar for 90% of its natural gas requirements.
  4. Qatar’s Sovereign Wealth Fund and other state-owned entities, as well as Qatari private investors, are looking at investment options in infrastructure in India.

InstaLinks:

Prelims Link:

  1. Location of Qatar.
  2. World’s top oil exporters and importers.
  3. India’s oil imports.
  4. What is LNG?

Mains Link:

Discuss why peace in middle East is important for India.

Sources: the Hindu.

 


GS Paper  : 3


 

Topics Covered: Infrastructure- energy.

Kochi-Mangaluru LNG pipeline:


Context:

Inaugurated recently by PM.

  • It is 450km long.
  • It provide another 21 lakh PNG connections.

What next?

  1. As part of efforts to make India a natural gas-based economy, 10,000 more CNG (compressed natural gas) stations would be opened and several lakh PNG (piped natural gas) household connections given in the coming days.
  2. The government has a concrete plan to move towards a gas-based economy that would be cheaper, convenient and environment-friendly.
  3. The government would make substantial investments in coal and gas sectors. The plan was to increase the share of natural gas in the energy sector from the present 6% to 15% by 2030.

“One nation, one gas grid” concept:

It will be high-voltage electric power transmission network in mainland India, connecting power stations and major substations and ensuring that electricity generated anywhere in mainland India can be used to satisfy demand elsewhere.

Evolution of National Grid:

  1. Grid management on regional basis started in sixties.
  2. Initially, State grids were inter-connected to form regional grid and India was demarcated into 5 regions namely Northern, Eastern, Western, North Eastern and Southern region.
  3. In August 2006 North and East grids were interconnected thereby 4 regional grids Northern, Eastern, Western and North Eastern grids are synchronously connected forming central grid operating at one frequency.
  4. On 31st December 2013, Southern Region was connected to Central Grid in Synchronous mode with the commissioning of 765kV Raichur-Solapur Transmission line thereby achieving ‘ONE NATION’-‘ONE GRID’-‘ONE FREQUENCY’.

Benefits of a National Grid:

  1. Better availability resulting in lesser power cuts.
  2. More stability in power.
  3. Better synchronisation.

InstaLinks:

Prelims Link:

  1. About One Nation One Grid.
  2. What is National Grid.
  3. About UDAY Scheme.
  4. What is Natural Gas?

Mains Link:

Discuss the significance of National Grid.

Sources: the Hindu.

 

Topics Covered: Biodiversity.

Asian Waterbird Census:


Context:

The two-day Asian Waterbird Census-2020 commenced in Andhra Pradesh.

About AWC:

  • Asian Waterbird Census is an annual event in which thousands of volunteers across Asia and Australasia count waterbirds in the wetlands of their country.
  • This event happens every January.
  • This event is coordinated by wetlands International and forms part of global waterbird monitoring programme called the International Waterbird Census (IWC).
  • It was started in the year 1987.
  • Its main focus is to monitor the status of waterbirds and the wetlands.
  • In India, the AWC is annually coordinated by the Bombay Natural history Society (BNHS) and Wetlands International.

What are waterbirds?

According to Wetlands International (WI), waterbirds are defined as species of birds that are ecologically dependent on wetlands. These birds are considered to be an important health indicator of wetlands of a region.

Sources: the Hindu.

 

Topics Covered: Role of media and communication network.

Economic Impact due to Internet shutdowns; over double of 20 others’:


Context:

Findings of a report by the UK-based privacy and security research firm Top10VPN over on economic impact due to internet shutdowns.

Key Findings:

  • India suffered the biggest economic impact in the world in 2020 due to Internet shutdowns.
  • Up to 8,927 hours and $2.8 billion losses.

Internet shutdown:

Internet shutdown is an intentional disruption of Internet or electronic communications, rendering them inaccessible or effectively unusable, for a specific population or within a location, often to exert control over the flow of information.

Areas that are affected:

  • As in previous years, India continued to restrict Internet access more than any other country over 75 times in 2020.
  • The majority of these short blackouts were highly targeted, affecting groups of villages or individual city districts, and so were not included in this report, which focuses on larger region-wide shutdowns.

Restrictions in J&K:

  1. The report made a separate mention of the extended curbs on Internet use in Kashmir, with suspension of services lasting from August 2019 when J&K’s special status was scrapped to March 2020 and still remaining severely throttled, with only 2G accesses available.
  2. Calling it the longest Internet shutdown in a democracy the report says, “The restrictions have negatively impacted the distribution of medicine, businesses and schools.”

InstaLinks:

Prelims Link:

  1. Section 144 of the CrPC.
  2. About Indian Telegraph Act.
  3. Key Provisions of the IT Act 2000.
  4. Anuradha Bhasin case (2020) is related to?
  5. Article 370 of the Constitution.

Mains Link:

Discuss about the various impacts of internet suspension in the UT of Jammu and Kashmir.

Sources: the Hindu.

 


Facts for Prelims:


Sagarmala Seaplane Services:

To be launched by the Ministry of Ports, Shipping & Waterways.

  • It will be launched under a Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV) framework through prospective airline operators.
  • The project execution and implementation would be through the Sagarmala Development Company Ltd (SDCL), which is under the administrative control of the Ministry.

TRIFOOD Parks:

TRIFOOD Parks to be set up in Madhya Pradesh.

  • It is a joint initiative of TRIFED (under the Ministry of Tribal Affairs) and the Ministry of Food Processing.
  • TRIFOOD Parks are food processing centres aiming at promoting value addition to minor forest produce.
  • It was launched under the Van Dhan Yojana in 2020.
  • The parks procure raw materials from the Van Dhan Kendras and process them to be sold across the country through Tribes India outlets.
  • The minimum support price for minor forest produce is fixed by the Tribal Affairs Ministry and it is revised every three years by a pricing cell constituted under the Ministry.

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