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The formation of Indian National Congress as a pan-Indian organization was the culmination of process of political awakening that was witnessed in India in the nineteenth century. Elucidate.

Topic:  Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues;

1. The formation of Indian National Congress as a pan-Indian organization was the culmination of process of political awakening that was witnessed in India in the nineteenth century. Elucidate. (250 words)

Reference: A Brief History of Modern India by Spectrum Publishers.

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1.

Key Demand of the question:

To trace the political awakening in India, starting from local/regional organization to the pan Indian organization.

Directive:

Elucidate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Write about the circumstances leading to the formation of Congress in 1885 in brief.

Body:

In brief mention about various theories regarding the formation of Congress – Safety Valve Theory and The Nationalist Theory.

Write about the evolving political consciousness among Indians. Mention the factors responsible for it. Also, write about the various local organizations that sprang up across India as result of political awakening. Mention their demands.

Conclusion:

Culminate as to how these resulted in a Pan Indian organization in the form of Indian National Congress.