Topic: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in-human actions; dimensions of ethics;
6. Virtue is a state that lies between two vices, one of excess and the other of deficiency. State your opinion. (150 words)
Why the question:
The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4.
Key Demand of the question:
To explain how the middle path between two extremes is the right and the virtuous path as given by Aristotle.
Structure of the answer:
Begin by mentioning there are three kinds of disposition, two of them vices, involving excess and deficiency respectively, and one a virtue, viz. the mean, and all are in a sense opposed to all.
Explain the theory – very virtue or excellence has the effect of producing a good condition of that of which it is a virtue or excellence, and of enabling it to perform its function well. Emphasize that one must find a moderate position between those two extremes, and thus one will be acting morally.
Substantiate the above with examples.
Give a brief criticism of the theory.
Conclude with significance of the theory and its relevance.