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There exists a very wide gender gap in agriculture of India, the new farm laws does very little to address it, in fact it may widen the gap. Analyze. Suggest measures to bridge the gender gap in Agriculture of India.

Topic: Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues,

3. There exists a very wide gender gap in agriculture of India, the new farm laws does very little to address it, in fact it may widen the gap. Analyze. Suggest measures to bridge the gender gap in Agriculture of India. (250 words)

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

Mahila Kisan Adhikaar Manch (MAKAAM), has highlighted several issues with the farm laws. Women farmers fear that the farm laws will further deepen gender inequality in the sector.

Key Demand of the question:

To analyze the impact of new farm laws on the ever widening gender gap in agriculture and to suggest solutions to reduce the gap.

Directive:

Analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by giving the context of gender gap in agriculture. According the NSSO 68th round data, women constitute 63% of workforce in agriculture.

Body:

Elaborate on the disparities prevalent in Indian agriculture. The India Human Development Survey reports that 83% of agricultural land in the country is inherited by male members of the family and less than 2% by their female counterparts.

Bring out its impact. Women are mostly left without any title of land in their names and are excluded from the definition of farmers. Besides, 81% of women agricultural labourers belong to Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, and Other Backward Classes, so they also contribute to the largest share of casual and landless labourers.

Mention the impact of recently enacted farm laws on the existing gender Gap.

Suggest measures so as to reduce the gender gap in farming. Such as, Operationalize the definition of ‘Farmer’: Recognise women farmers, Mainstream women farmers in all government programmes, Creating a gender-disaggregated database, Prioritising landless women in public land distribution, Clear and inalienable including succession rights etc.

Conclusion:

Complete the answer by underscoring the need to reduce the gender gap so as to achieve SDG 5 (a) Undertake reforms to give women equal rights to economic resources, as well as access to ownership and control over land.

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