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Why lightning still kills so many Indians?

Topics Covered: Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc.

Why lightning still kills so many Indians?


Context:

Lightning strikes have caused 1,771 deaths between April 1, 2019 and March 31, 2020.

How can deaths be minimised?

Every lightning strikes around a fixed period and almost similar geographical locations in similar patterns.

  • As per CROPC (Climate Resilient Observing Systems Promotion Council), early lightning warning to farmers, cattle grazers, children and people in open areas is the key.
  • Then a local lightning safety action plan, like installing Lightning Protection Devices, is also need to prevent deaths.

What is the impact of lightning?

The Centre had increased compensation for victims of natural disaster to Rs 4 lakh in 2015.

  • In the last five years there were 13,994 fatalities, which bring the total compensation to around Rs 359 crore.
  • There have been phenomenal losses of animal life also from lightning strike.

What is lightning?

  • It is a very rapid — and massive — discharge of electricity in the atmosphere, some of which is directed towards the Earth’s surface.
  • These discharges are generated in giant moisture-bearing clouds that are 10-12 km tall.

InstaLinks:

Prelims Link:

  1. How lightning strikes?
  2. What are megaflashes?
  3. Is earth a good conductor of electricity?
  4. Types of clouds.
  5. Lightning strikes in India.

Mains Link:

Write a note on how lightning phenomenon.

Sources: PIB.