Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment;
5. Though India is on track to achieve its Paris climate goals, it will still need collaborative efforts of policymakers, industry captains and citizens to make climate proof choices and build climate resilience. Elucidate. (250 words)
Reference: The Hindu
Why the question:
Several parts of north India are in the grip of a severe cold wave. While winter may be longer and harsher in some regions due to La Niña, forecasters suggest that 2021 would still be among the Earth’s hottest years recorded. Rising temperatures have led to a sharp increase in climate extreme events in recent years.
Key Demand of the question:
To write about India’s performance in NDC’s of Paris Accords and make a case for collaborative efforts in building climate resilience.
Elucidate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.
Structure of the answer:
Start by mentioning the performance of India on its climate commitments.
Mention the India’s targets as per the Price and in detail bring out India’s performance which puts it on course to achieve them in the intended timeline. India had reduced its emissions intensity by 21% since 2005. Installed solar capacity has grown to 36 gigawatt in 2020. The country’s renewable energy capacity was the fourth largest in the world and would reach 175GW before 2022.
Though, above is good news but much remains desired to prevent the country and the world from the negative impacts of Climate Change. Mentions in which we can build collaborative climate resilience as mentioned in the article.
Complete the answer by underscoring, with collaborative cooperation, not only will be a step closer to Paris Goals but as well SDG 12, 13 and 17.