Print Friendly, PDF & Email

[Insights Secure STHIR– 2021] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 31 December 2020

Click on EACH question to post/upload you answers.

How to Follow Secure Initiative?

How to Self-evaluate your answer? 

STHIR – 2021: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

Join IPM 3.0 to get an assured review of 2 secure answers everyday

 


General Studies – 1


 

Topic:  Salient features of world’s physical geography;

1. Bring out the factors that influence the temperature distribution on Earth. Account for the overall heat balance on earth despite some areas receiving more insolation than the others? (250 words)

Reference: NCERT – Class XI: Fundamentals of Physical Geography. 

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1.

Key Demand of the question:

To explain about the factors that affect the temperature distribution and bring out reasons for overall heat balance on Earth.

Directive:

Account Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by mentioning about the temperature distribution on the Earth and its effects.

Body:

Mention the factors that influence the temperature distribution on earth. The Angle of Incidence or the Inclination of the Sun’s Rays, Duration of Sunshine, Transparency of Atmosphere, Land-Sea Differential, Prevailing Winds, Aspects of Slope, Ocean Currents, Altitude, Earth’s Distance form Sun.

In the next part, mention the reasons for the heat balance on the Earth. Regions between 40deg N to S receives more insolation and beyond that have a deficit of insolation. The factors such as planetary winds, ocean currents, jet streams and cyclones which are responsible for maintaining heat balance on the earth.

Conclusion:

State the impact of maintaining the heat balance on Earth.

 

Topic:  factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India);

2. Account for the Southward shifting trend in the Sugar Industries of India. What are the major problems faced by the Sugar Industry in India and how can they be addressed? (250 words)

Reference: www.insightsonindia.com

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1.

Key Demand of the question:

To mention the reasons for shift of Sugar Industry from North India to South India. To mention the problems of sugar industry in India and provide solutions to address them.

Directive:

Account – Weigh up to what extent something is true. Persuade the reader of your argument by citing relevant research but also remember to point out any flaws and counter- arguments as well. Conclude by stating clearly how far you are in agreement with the original proposition.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin by briefly mentioning the about sugar industry of India.

Body:

State the reasons for the shift to southwards of sugar Industry: better climatic conditions, Yields, sucrose content, crushing season, machinery and management of industries etc.

Bring out the major problems prevailing in the sugar industry. Low Yield of Sugarcane, Short crushing season, Fluctuating Production Trends, High cost of Production, Regional imbalances in distribution, The FRP and SAP issue and regulation of sugar sector etc.

Mention the solutions for the above issues. Diversification and value-addition, better use of by-products, higher production of alcohol, raising ethanol-admixing with petrol to 20 per cent or more, incentivize expanding the area under sugarcane etc, alternative business models,

Conclusion:

Bring out as how Sugar Industry must move to being more self-reliant and stop being depending on the government.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic:  Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources;

3. Good and affordable internet availability to women will be a big step towards fulfilling the goal of Female empowerment and gender equality. Elaborate in the light of findings of National family Health Survey -5 (NFHS-5) on women internet usage in India. (250 words)

Reference: Down to Earth 

Why the question:

According to National family Health Suvey -5, a very high differential is seen among the female and male population who have ever used the internet.

Key Demand of the question:

To develop linkages between affordable interment and female empowerment to achieve gender equality.

Directive:

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Give context regarding the disparities in internet usage among men and women in the light of findings of NFHS-5.

Body:

Give reasons for low internet usage in India among women. Such as lack of access to mobiles and laptops, lack of digital literacy, poor connections in rural area, societal norms in preventing women using technology and impediments such as trolling and bullying etc. Mention the impact of the above on women.

In the next part mention as to how internet can play a role in achieving of Female empowerment and gender equality. Giving them a platform, economic opportunities, connect with the rest of the world, awareness and education and social entrepreneurship etc.

Substantiate with successful missions such as Women for Empowerment and Entrepreneurship (W2E2) platform provides digital tools, Internet connectivity and digital literacy skills training to help rural women in India set up social and/or entrepreneurial micro-enterprises.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic:  Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate.

4. A year on since the landmark inception of Chief of Defence Staff, a deep and candid introspection is warranted for it to have a tangible impact on military reforms. Analyse. (250 words)

Reference: Business Standard

Why the question:

It is been one year since the creation of the post of Chief of Defense Staff..

Key Demand of the question:

analyses the performance of Chief of Defence Staff and suggest ways to improve it further.

Directive:

Analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by giving context and appointment of General Bipin Rawat as the first Chief of Defence Staff (CDS).

Body:

Mention the aims and objectives behind the creation of Chief of Defence Staff. Promoting jointness in procurement, training and staffing for the Services; facilitation of restructuring of Military Commands, establishment of joint/theatre commands; and promoting use of indigenous equipment by the Services.

Analyse the performance of the CDS in achieving the above. Relative indifference and the lack of awareness, Chinese intrusion across the Line of Actual Control in Ladakh, slow restructuring of single-service military commands and controversial Tour Duty etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward for effective and optimal utilization of the post of CDS in achieving its desired objectives.

 

Topic:  Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life;

5. As the space sector can leapfrog the country to a future of 21st century industrialization, the focus of the government should be on ensuring an enabling ecosystem for technology-led innovations and entrepreneurship for home grown space companies. Comment. (250 words)

Reference: Live Mint 

Why the question:

The Department of Space (DoS) is on a hyperdrive of space sector reforms. In May 2020, it pledged to allow home-grown space companies access to Indian Space Research Organization’s (Isro’s) cutting-edge laboratories and hardware testing infrastructure.

Key Demand of the question:

To talk about the need for balanced reforms to ensure a thriving private sector in space with adequate checks and balances.

Directive:

Comment– here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin by mentioning how a new space age is dawning upon us with interlinkages of Industry 4.0 with space sector and many countries, more and more in number are lining up to invest, innovate and reap benefits.

Body:

Mention the current status of private home grown space companies’ presence and participation in the space sector of India. The newly created Indian National Space Promotion and Authorization Centre (IN-SPACe), The Public Sector Enterprise ‘New Space India Limited (NSIL).

Give recent examples such as Department of Space recently entering into a Non-Disclosure Agreement (NDA) with Agnikul Cosmos Pvt. Ltd, a Chennai-based start-up which builds small private satellite launch vehicle. In May 2020, it pledged to allow home-grown space companies access to Indian Space Research Organization’s (Isro’s) cutting-edge laboratories and hardware testing infrastructure.

Mention ways how the government can create an enabling atmosphere for these space companies. Setting up a dedicated Technology Transfer Cell (TTC), Capacity Building Programme Office, case to case basis licensing etc.

Suggest, how the refroms are needed but given the prevailing geo-political scenario, the government must be watchful and tread carefully.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic:  ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions;

6. What are the ethical dilemmas involved in the process of abortion? Debate on the pro-life and pro-choice angle on abortion. State your stand on the issue of abortion. (150 words)

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

Argentina’s Senate passed a law legalizing after a marathon 12-hour session, a victory for the women’s movement that has been fighting for the right for decades.

Key Demand of the question:

To put forth the ethical dilemmas regarding abortion and debate on the issue of pro-life vs pro-choice.

Directive:

Debate – Weigh up to what extent something is true. Persuade the reader of your argument by citing relevant research but also remember to point out any flaws and counter- arguments as well. Conclude by stating clearly how far you agree with the original proposition.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Given the context of the debate surrounding Abortion.

Body:

Bring out the ethical dilemmas involving abortion. The dilemma between, life of the fetus and the choice of the women, The religious aspect and the modern feminism, legality in some countries/states and illegality in other, sex selective abortions, abortions when there exists a threat to  the life of the women, abortion when there exist deformities in the unborn fetus etc.

In detail, make detailed arguments on the pro-life and the pro-choice debate. Mention the impact of the same in a critical manner.

Conclusion:

Summarize the arguments and state your positive, balanced and fair stand on the issue of abortion.

 

Topic: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in-human actions;

7. With a tough and a challenging year coming to an end, what learnings do you take forward from this year? (150 words)

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

A challenging question which asks to you write about the learnings from the pandemic hit year.

Key Demand of the question:

To contemplate on the learnings from the year.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin with mentioning the about the year 2020 and highlight some major events from it.

Body:

This is a very open ended question. On the overview it may seem like a simple and straightforward questions but it is a bit challenging to summarize the learnings and link them to your syllabus.

Mention about the major learnings from the year. Importance of transparency (China not revealing Covid-19 in the initial phases), dedication to public service (front line workers), courage (covid patients and their families), tolerance and compassion towards the weaker-sections (black lives matter and migrant issues) etc.

Make sure the learning are linked to your syllabus and ethical values.

Conclusion:

End with a positive way forward for the New Year.


  • Join our Official Telegram Channel HERE for Motivation and Fast Updates
  • Subscribe to our YouTube Channel HERE to watch Motivational and New analysis videos