Topic: factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India);
2. Account for the Southward shifting trend in the Sugar Industries of India. What are the major problems faced by the Sugar Industry in India and how can they be addressed? (250 words)
Why the question:
The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1.
Key Demand of the question:
To mention the reasons for shift of Sugar Industry from North India to South India. To mention the problems of sugar industry in India and provide solutions to address them.
Account – Weigh up to what extent something is true. Persuade the reader of your argument by citing relevant research but also remember to point out any flaws and counter- arguments as well. Conclude by stating clearly how far you are in agreement with the original proposition.
Structure of the answer:
Begin by briefly mentioning the about sugar industry of India.
State the reasons for the shift to southwards of sugar Industry: better climatic conditions, Yields, sucrose content, crushing season, machinery and management of industries etc.
Bring out the major problems prevailing in the sugar industry. Low Yield of Sugarcane, Short crushing season, Fluctuating Production Trends, High cost of Production, Regional imbalances in distribution, The FRP and SAP issue and regulation of sugar sector etc.
Mention the solutions for the above issues. Diversification and value-addition, better use of by-products, higher production of alcohol, raising ethanol-admixing with petrol to 20 per cent or more, incentivize expanding the area under sugarcane etc, alternative business models,
Bring out as how Sugar Industry must move to being more self-reliant and stop being depending on the government.