Topic: Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India;
2. Without involving its indigenous communities, any conservation efforts to protect and conserve the Western Ghats is flawed. Analyze. (250 words)
Reference: The Hindu
Why the question:
This article talks about community-involved conservation models and argues for the need of integrating forest tribes as part of conservation efforts of Western Ghats.
Key Demand of the question:
To bring out the relationship between conservation of Western Ghats and protecting the natural habitat of indigenous people.
Analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.
Structure of the answer:
Briefly mention about indigenous communities and tribes of Western Ghats. Mention relevant facts and figures.
Give a backdrop of the conservation efforts on going in the Western Ghats. Need for conservation which is a World Heritage Site declared by the UNESCO.
Mention the Forest Rights Act of 2006 as to how it protects the interests of the forest tribes.
Mention the lacunas in the implementation of Forest Rights Act of 2006: recognition of the claims, inconsistency in the government’s approach in settling the claims, eviction of forest dwellers for conservation or developmental purposes etc.
Suggest measures of how to make the indigenous tribes an important part of conservation as well as developmental efforts. Involving communities living in the management and use of these resources, implementing the Forest Rights act at grassroots and Sustainable Use of Biodiversity etc.
Underscore the importance of balancing the protection of indigenous communities as central to the conservation efforts.