Topic: India and its neighborhood- relations;
2. The dichotomy of Afghanistan is that its path to the peace process is marred with violence and instability. Examine. (250 words)
Reference: The Hindu
Why the question:
With the Afghan government and the Taliban preparing to resume talks in Doha next week, one of the pressing problems Afghanistan is facing remains unaddressed — the surging violence.
Key Demand of the question:
To examine the nature of peace deal and obstacles to it that is in development between The U.S, The Afghan government and The Taliban.
Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.
Structure of the answer:
Start by giving the context regarding the tri-partite peace deal that is happening between The U.S, Afghan Government and Taliban.
Elaborate upon the nature of the landmark deal with the U.S in February, 2020.
The Afghan government started negotiating with Taliban in September, 2020 to find a peaceful resolution to the conflict.
Mention the obstacles to the peace process such as surging violence, targeted killing of journalists,the instability in the democratically elected government of Afghanistan, Lack of consensus over a ceasefire, impending withdrawal of U.S troops and regime change in America etc.
Mention the impact of the above Afghan peace process and all the stakeholders in the process as well as neighboring countries.
Conclude with a way forward.