Topic: Issues relating to poverty and hunger;
3. India’s ambitious National Nutrition Mission – POSHAN Abhiyaan is in need of a realignment to achieve more desirable outcomes. Substantiate. (250 words)
Reference: Live Mint
Why the question:
According to the NFHS-5 data, while some improvement has been made in the nutritional status of the country, there still a long way to go achieve all desired targets.
Key Demand of the question:
To bring out the shortcomings of POSHAN Abhiyaan and suggest measure to make it more holistic and successful.
Substantiate – When you are asked to Substantiate, you have to pass a sound judgement about the truth of the given statement in the question or the topic based on evidences. You have to appraise the worth of the statement in question using suitable case studies or/ and examples.
Structure of the answer:
Begin the answer by writing about The Prime Minister’s Overarching Scheme for Holistic Nutrition or POSHAN Abhiyaan or National Nutrition Mission (NNM), which was launched as flagship programme to improve nutritional outcomes.
In the first part, mention the broad aims and objectives of the POSHAN Abhiyaan which were set at the inception the scheme.
In the next part, bring out the performance of NNM, in the various aspects such as Child stunting, child underweight and Anaemia. Mention the shortfalls from the desired outcomes as envisaged by the government.
Suggest measures which are needed in order to ensure the success of POSHAN Abhiyaan, such as, Prioritizing and close monitoring non performing districts, following a village based approach rather than district based, ensuring that the disruptions caused by the pandemic are overcome at the earliest, learning the failures and successes at local level in the past three years and making food security central to developmental agenda etc.
Finish the answer by mentioning how POSHAN Abhiyaan seeks to have Jan Andolan to end malnutrition and first step towards it is the convergence of the policies of Central, State and Local Governments.