Topic: Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.
5. The Naga peace deal has been lingering for decades. Examine the hurdles in the peace deal and suggest ways to overcome them. (250 words)
Reference: The Hindu
Why the question:
Centre may take ‘wanted’ Naga leader Niki Sumi’s ceasefire offer and security agencies have worked on his return to India with an eye on concluding the Naga peace deal.
Key Demand of the question:
To bring forth the hurdles in concluding a peace deal between the Center and Naga representatives and to suggest way to conclude the deal.
Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.
Structure of the answer:
The Naga peace process appears to have hit a roadblock after years of negotiations. Give the context as part of the introduction.
In 2015, the Centre signed a framework agreement with the NSCN (I-M) to resolve the Naga issue, but both sides maintained secrecy about its contents. The optimism among some Naga groups eroded a bit when the NNPGs were brought on board the peace process on November 17, 2017.
Write about the friction between NSCN(I-M) and interlocutor R.N Ravi over some contents of the deal.
Mention other hurdles such as sovereignty issues, demand for Greater Nagalim, Issues with non-Naga groups and factions within the Nagas.
Conclude with a way forward on securing a long lasting and peaceful deal with all the stakeholders.