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[Insights Secure STHIR– 2021] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 25 December 2020

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: Salient features of world’s physical geography;

1. Compare and contrast, the continental drift theory, sea floor spreading theory and the plate tectonics theory. (250 words)

Reference: NCERT Book For Class XI: Fundamentals of Physical Geography.

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the differences as well as similarities between most important theories that tried to explain the plate tectonics.

Directive:

Compare and contrast – provide for a detailed comparison of the two types, their features that are similar as well as different. One must provide for detailed assessment of the two.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Write about plate tectonics and the movement of continents and various theories put forward to explain them.

Body:

This is a very straightforward question and to answer it, drawing a table would be apt in order to compare and contrast the theories.

Bring out differences in the continental drift theory, sea floor spreading theory and the plate tectonics theory on the following parameters such as Authors of the theory, what the theory explains, forces it considers for the movement, supporting evidences it considers, critique of theory if any and its acceptance among scientists etc.

Conclusion:

Mention about general importance of the theories and conclude your answer.

 

Topic:  geographical features and their location-changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.

2. Mangrove swamps protect coastal areas from erosion, storm surge, and tsunamis. Mangroves in India are getting ecologically fragile and climatically vulnerable. Comment. (250 words)

Reference: Class-XI NCERT: India Physical Environment.

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1.

Key Demand of the question:

To explain the importance of mangroves and to bring out the various threats faced by them.

Directive:

Comment- here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin the answer by briefly writing about mangroves and their ecosystem.

Body:

You can draw simple and illustrative of map showing important mangroves.

Write about the role of mangroves as the first line of defense against erosion and flooding. Also mention about the other ecological benefits of mangroves as well as its unique flora and fauna.

Next, write about the various threats that mangroves are facing which is making them ecologically fragile and climatically vulnerable such as Coastal development, clearing for agriculture, excessive Aquaculture &Salt Production, River changes: Dams and irrigation, Destruction of coral reefs, Pollution and Climate change etc. Cite necessary examples, facts and figures to substantiate your point.

Conclusion:

Write a way forward to protect the Mangrove ecosystem of India.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.

3. It was a long and winding road but finally a Brexit deal is made. Despite the deal, there are still unanswered questions. Analyze. (250 words)

Reference: The Hindu 

Why the question:

Britain and the European Union struck a provisional free-trade agreement as part of the Brexit deal, four and a half years after Britain decided to leave the bloc.

Key Demand of the question:

To analsye the nature of the Brexit deal made between U.K and the E.U, its impact in the short and long term.

Directive:

Analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin by introducing the Brexit deal and the uncertainty EU and UK faced when no outcome was seen after months of negotiations.

Body:

Mention about zero-tariff and zero-quota deal and its implications.

Talk about how the deal is also likely to lay down rules of defence, security, Immigration and governance, which will dictate how any deal is enforced as well as the penalties.

Mention the unanswered questions which are part of the deal such as fishing, border movements, security cooperation and financial markets etc.

Conclusion:

Briefly mention how the deal will impact India and its diaspora and how India should utilize opportunities and address issues stemming from the Brexit deal.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic:  Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment.

4. There is a strong connection between bolstering democracy and achieving a better functioning financial system. Elaborate. (250 words)

Reference: Business Standard 

Why the question:

A great debate has surged, in recent weeks in India, about democracy and “tough” economic reforms.

Key Demand of the question:

To bring out the links between vibrant democracy and a proper functioning financial system.

Directive:

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin by developing a link how in the field of finance, the main path of reforms is intertwined with deepening of democracy.

Body:

Establish connection between rule of law and a flourishing economy with examples to substantiate it. Cite studies and examples, to substantiate your point.

Make note of how a functioning democracy helps the financial sector in investments, organizational building and increase of personal wealth etc.

Write about regulation of financial sector and the need for it be independent as well as how a democratic setup bolsters it.

Conclusion:

Summarize as to how more democracy is good for financial development.

 

Topic: Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.

5. The Naga peace deal has been lingering for decades. Examine the hurdles in the peace deal and suggest ways to overcome them. (250 words)

Reference: The Hindu 

Why the question:

Centre may take ‘wanted’ Naga leader Niki Sumi’s ceasefire offer and security agencies have worked on his return to India with an eye on concluding the Naga peace deal.

Key Demand of the question:

To bring forth the hurdles in concluding a peace deal between the Center and Naga representatives and to suggest way to conclude the deal.

Directive:

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

The Naga peace process appears to have hit a roadblock after years of negotiations. Give the context as part of the introduction.

Body:

In 2015, the Centre signed a framework agreement with the NSCN (I-M) to resolve the Naga issue, but both sides maintained secrecy about its contents. The optimism among some Naga groups eroded a bit when the NNPGs were brought on board the peace process on November 17, 2017.

Write about the friction between NSCN(I-M) and interlocutor R.N Ravi over some contents of the deal.

Mention other hurdles such as sovereignty issues, demand for Greater Nagalim, Issues with non-Naga groups and factions within the Nagas.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward on securing a long lasting and peaceful deal with all the stakeholders.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic:   empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker-sections.

6.  “It is compassion, the most gracious of virtues, which moves the world.” –Thiruvalluvar  (150 words)

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4.

Key Demand of the question:

To elaborate the importance of compassion as a virtue.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Define compassion in your own words.

Body:

Bring out the importance of being compassionate.

Talk about various forms of compassion towards self, family and friends, strangers, weaker sections, animals and environment, making it a great virtue.

With examples, such a Baba Amte, Mother Theresa or any great personalities etc, emphasize how compassion towards weaker section is a virtue and is an agent of change in the world.

Conclusion:

With the entire world going through a very tough phase, conclude how compassion can alleviate pains and heal the world.

 

Topic:  Emotional intelligence-concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance.

7. People with strong emotional intelligence skills rise above any situation. Emotional intelligence is the difference that makes the difference. Elucidate. (150 words)

Reference: Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude by Lexicon Publications.

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4.

Key Demand of the question:

To explain how EI makes a difference in day to day administration as well in extreme situations.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

In your own words, define Emotional intelligence and what it means to you.

Body:

Emotional Intelligence (EI) refers to the capability of a person to recognize, understand and manage own emotions, as well as to understand, manage and influence emotions of others. It is not always virtuous and can be used as a tool for positive and negative ends.

Very briefly describe the key 5 components of EI.

Explain why it is so valuable in the context of civil servants. Mention how it makes a difference and people with high EI can manage any situation and rise above it. Cite examples to substantiate your points.

Conclusion:

Conclude that Emotional intelligence is the single best predictor of performance in the workplace and the strongest driver of leadership and personal excellence.


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