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US Congress passes Tibetan Policy and Support Act

Topics Covered: Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.

US Congress passes Tibetan Policy and Support Act:


Context:

The legislation was recently passed.

Highlights of the new law:

  • It reaffirms the rights of the Tibetan Buddhists to choose the next incarnation of the Dalai Lama without any interference of China.
  • The legislation will empower the US Government to impose sanctions on the Chinese Government officials, who might try to interfere in the process of selecting the next incarnation of the Dalai Lama, just as they had done in case of Panchen Lama.
  • It also acknowledged the legitimacy of the Tibetan Parliament in Exile elected by the exiled community as well as the Central Tibetan Administration (CTA).
  • It seeks to introduce key provisions aimed at protecting the environment and water resources on the Tibetan Plateau.

Response:

It has been hailed by the Tibetans, who were concerned over the possibility of the Chinese Government making an attempt to install someone loyal to it as the 15th Dalai Lama after the death of the incumbent and use him as a puppet to fizzle out the global campaign against its occupation of Tibet.

Background:

The incumbent and the 14th Dalai Lama has been living in exile in India ever since his 1959 escape from Tibet, which had been occupied by the Chinese People’s Liberation Army (PLA) in 1950-51.

  • He has been leading the movement for “genuine autonomy” for Tibet and the Tibetans.
  • But, the speculation is rife over the fate of the movement beyond his lifetime.

About the Tibetan Parliament-in-Exile (TPiE):

The Tibetan Parliament-in-Exile (TPiE) has its headquarters in Dharamsala, in the Kangra district of Himachal Pradesh.

  • The 16th TPiE had 45 members:
  • 10 representatives from each of the traditional provinces of Tibetan – U-Tsang, Dhotoe and Dhomey;
  • Two from each of the four schools of Tibetan Buddhism and the pre-Buddhist Bon religion;
  • Two representing each of the Tibetan Communities in North America and Europe.
  • One from Australasia and Asia (excluding India, Nepal and Bhutan).

What does the Tibetan Constitution say?

The Central Tibetan Administration exists and functions on the basis of the Constitution of the Tibetan government called ‘The Charter of the Tibetans in Exile’.

  • In 1991, The Constitution Redrafting Committee instituted by the Dalai Lama prepared the Charter for Tibetans in exile.
  • The Dalai Lama approved it on June 28, 1991.

What is Kashag?

  • The Kashag (Cabinet) is Central Tibetan Administration’s highest executive office and comprise seven members.

InstaLinks:

Prelims Link:

  1. Who is Sikyong?
  2. What is Kashag?
  3. The Charter of the Tibetans in Exile.
  4. About the Tibetan Parliament-in-Exile (TPiE).

Mains Link:

What is the Tibetan Parliament-in-Exile (TPiE)? How is it recognised? Discuss.

Sources: the Hindu.