Topic: Earthquakes, Landslide, Floods, Droughts;
2. India faces a climate paradox – Rise in average global temperatures have led to a worrying trend of no rain for long periods and then a sudden bout of excessive rainfall, causing extreme weather events. Examine. (250 words)
Reference: Class-XI NCERT: India Physical Environment.
Why the question:
The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1.
Key Demand of the question:
To understand the paradox between two extreme events of droughts and floods which are similar spatially.
When asked to ‘Examine’, we must look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications
Structure of the answer:
Begin the answer by giving context as to how the extreme weather events are on rise in India. Quote relevant examples and facts.
Elaborate up on the extreme weather events particularly floods and droughts, which took lives, destroyed homes and agricultural yields as well as resulted in huge revenue losses. Give relevant facts to substantiate your points.
Bring out the factors that are responsible for rise in extreme weather events and bring out the impact which can have on our country and the world.
Give solutions so as to overcome this climate paradox of drought and floods.
Conclude with a way forward.