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[Insights Secure STHIR– 2021] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 22 December 2020

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic:  Indian soils and Indian Vegetation

1. The soils of India are as diverse as itself. Explain the factors responsible for its Pedogenesis. (250 words).

Reference: Class-XI NCERT: India Physical Environment.

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1.

Key Demand of the question:

To explain the factors responsible for the formation of soil.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by mentioning about the diversity of soils in India and their profile across major regions they are found in.

Body:

Talk about reasons for diversity in the Indian soil profile and some important characteristics and crops sown in each soil briefly. A small map of major soil regions of India could be drawn for better presentation purpose.

Then in detail mention about the various factors responsible for (Pedogenesis) soil formation in India. Explain about factors such as Parent Material, Relief. Climate and Natural Vegetation. Substantiate your answer with relevant examples.

Conclusion:

Complete the answer by stressing on the importance of diversity in the soil profile of India.

 

Topic:  Indian soils and Indian Vegetation

2. Due to varied climatic conditions, India has a wide range of natural vegetation. Elaborate on the different types of vegetation in India. What are the major threats to vegetation in India? (250 words).

Reference: Class-XI NCERT: India Physical Environment.

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1.

Key Demand of the question:

To mention in detail about different types of vegetation in India and to identify major threats to Indian vegetation.

Directive:

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin by talking about how the varied climatic conditions has given rise to wide range of natural vegetation.

Body:

Mention about the different types of vegetation present in India. Draw a simple representative map of India highlighting major vegetation in India.

Explain in detail, the types of vegetation. Account for the major climatic factors responsible for it, the major features of each vegetation and major flora – fauna found there.

In the next part, bring out the major threats to Indian vegetation such as deforestation, mining, over grazing, climate change and invasive species etc. Cite some facts from recently released Indian State of Forests Report 2019 to substantiate above.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward on how to safeguard the Indian vegetation.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic:  India and its neighborhood- relations.

3. A ‘constitutional coup’ is brewing in Nepal. Analyse the impact of the turmoil in the Himalayan nation with an emphasis on bilateral relations with India. (250 words)

Reference: The Hindu 

Why the question:

Nepal PM Oli on Sunday sprang a surprise and got the President to dissolve Parliament, a controversial move amidst a prolonged tussle for power, creating a political turmoil.

Key Demand of the question:

Anlaysing the impact the current political crisis can have nascent democracy as well as bilateral relations with India.

Directive:

Analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start the answer by giving the context of recent developments in Nepal leading to a political crisis.

Body:

Elaborate on the crisis, the unprecedented situation and what it means for the democracy. The non-provision of the dissolution in the constitution and the legal challenge it faces, which makes it the ‘constitutional coup’.

Examine in detail the impact this crisis can have on Nepal such as instability in Nepal, question its democratic credentials, from a slowing economy to the increasing coronavirus crisis.

Emphasize how this could impact Indo-Nepalese bilateral relations with a possible breakup in the Communist Party of Nepal (UML) and possible change in top leadership and uncertainty in lead up to the elections in 2021.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 

Topic:  Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources;

4. The mutations in SARS-COV2 virus strains must be treated with utmost caution not with panic. Examine. (250 words)

Reference: The Hindu Indian Express 

Why the question:

British Prime Minister Boris Johnson placed London and its surrounding areas under lockdown after a mutation to the virus, believed to increase its transmissibility, was discovered. India also put in temporary travel ban with flights coming in from the U.K.

Key Demand of the question:

To explain the latest mutations in the SARS-COV2 virus and to prepare response to deal with such mutations.

Directive:

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by explaining the context with respect to mutations in the Covid-19 virus as seem in majorly in London and U.K.

Body:

Mention why there is concern over the new mutated strain as it is 70% more easily transmitted, highly contagious and possibility of new characteristics in the virus.

This could be a serious issue. However, it could be handled with proactive response and abundant caution. Also, mention that mutations are common in viruses and there have already been more than 20 mutations of SARS-COV2 but none of them concerning. Moreover, vaccine efficacy might not be affected by the mutations.

Mention how we need to continue the good practices of testing, tracing and isolating and safe practices of wearing masks and using sanitizers. Suspending travel from U.K was a proactive measure.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward that prevention and precaution are the way to go unless masses are vaccinated.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic:  Achievements of Indians in science & technology;

5. Ramanujan’s legacy is original, prolific, diverse, and transcends time. Elucidate. (250 words)

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

This article captures the journey, acheivements and genius of Srinivas Ramanujan.

Key Demand of the question:

To highlight the numerous achievements of Srinivas Ramanujan.

Directive:

Elucidate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly write an introduction about the Indian mathematician Srinivasa Ramanujan.

Body:

Bring out the novel contributions of Srinivasa Ramanujan in the fields of pure mathematics, mathematical analysis, number theory, infinite series, and continued fractions, including solutions to mathematical problems then considered unsolvable.

Talk about how his original and highly unconventional results, such as the Ramanujan prime, the Ramanujan theta function, partition formulae and mock theta functions, have opened entire new areas of work and inspired a vast amount of further research.

Conclusion:

Summarize by mentioning how the legacy of Ramanujan transcends time and is immortal.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions;

6. At times, the overburdened nature of public service leads to moral muteness. Comment. (150 words)

Reference: Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude by Lexicon Publications.

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4.

Key Demand of the question:

To bring out the impact of immense burden and deadlines in public service leading morally questionable actions or inactions.

Directive:

Comment– here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by defining moral muteness and how it occurs because immense burden of public service.

Body:

Write about how the cumbersome processes of public service gives very little time for moral reasoning and hence there may the conflict between making the right decision and getting the work done.

Substantiate the above the examples.

Give out the ways in which we can address above issue.

Conclusion:

Conclude by bottom lining that no matter how small or big decision is, it must be morally justified.

 

Topic: Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct;

7. Value-Based Code of Ethics is the need of hour in public as well as corporate organizations. How do you institutionalize compliance to the value based code of ethics? (150 words)

Reference: Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude by Lexicon Publications.

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4.

Key Demand of the question:

To stress on the importance of value based code of ethics and the way to make its compliance more acceptable.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by defining value-based code of ethics and need for it.

Body:

Mention about the need for a value-based code of ethics addresses a core value system of the organisation. Emphasize how it may outline standards of responsible conduct as they relate to the larger public good and the environment. Value-based ethical codes may require a greater degree of self-regulation than compliance-based codes.

In the next part, bring out steps which can institutionalize compliance and ensure continuity to compliance. Suggest measures such as considering the needs of their employees, comprehensive compliance training program, people-centric approach and informed decision-making etc.

Conclusion:

Complete the answer by highlighting the importance of compliance to value based code of ethics.


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