Topics Covered: Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate.
CBI Brings Out Updated Crime Manual After 15 Years:
The agency had set up a task force under Additional Director Praveen Sinha to make necessary changes in the crime manual, a set of guidelines for the investigating officer to follow while probing a case, which was last changed in 2005.
- The changes were proposed after factoring in the changing crime landscape, evidence collection, international treaties, emergence of new avenues to track criminals among others.
What is CBI’s crime manual?
It lays down the standard operating procedures for the agency to implement in matters pertaining to special investigations, economic offences and cyber crimes. The crime manual dictates the working of the investigative agency and lays down procedures on how the agency is expected and supposed to act in its investigations.
New chapters and changes introduced:
- Changes in the standard operating procedures — especially to probe digital crimes in the cyber world and those across national boundaries.
- Quickening the pace of investigation: Cases at the heads-of-branches level will now have to be completed within six months while those supervised at the senior level of heads of zones will have to be completed within nine months from the earlier deadlines of around one year.
- A new chapter on procedures to be followed while conducting investigations abroad and coordinating and operating with Interpol.
- A chapter on investigations in the digital world and cyber crime.
- A new standard operating procedure for handling digital evidence has been introduced in the chapter.
Significance and implications of the new manual:
The new manual aims to break the silos while handling larger and complex cases by focussing more on team approach in the agency to achieve better results.
- The revised manual takes into account the latest laws, Supreme Court judgements and their interpretations which are condensed into manual form, making it easy for the investigating officer to easily refer to and follow them.
- The Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) is the premier investigating agency of India.
- Operating under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions, the CBI is headed by the Director.
- CBI, India’s first agency to investigate corruption, the Special Police Establishment, was set up in 1941, six years before independence from British rule to probe bribery and corruption in the country during World War II.
- In 1946, it was brought under the Home Department and its remit was expanded to investigate corruption in central and state governments under the Delhi Special Police Establishment Act.
- The DSPE acquired its popular current name, Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI), through a Home Ministry resolution in 1963.
- About CBI and its establishment.
- Provisions of DSPE Act.
- What is General Consent?
- What happens when general consent is withdrawn by states?
Can withdrawal mean that the CBI can no longer probe any case? Discuss.
Sources: the Hindu.