Topic: India and its neighborhood- relations.
3. A ‘constitutional coup’ is brewing in Nepal. Analyse the impact of the turmoil in the Himalayan nation with an emphasis on bilateral relations with India. (250 words)
Reference: The Hindu
Why the question:
Nepal PM Oli on Sunday sprang a surprise and got the President to dissolve Parliament, a controversial move amidst a prolonged tussle for power, creating a political turmoil.
Key Demand of the question:
Anlaysing the impact the current political crisis can have nascent democracy as well as bilateral relations with India.
Analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.
Structure of the answer:
Start the answer by giving the context of recent developments in Nepal leading to a political crisis.
Elaborate on the crisis, the unprecedented situation and what it means for the democracy. The non-provision of the dissolution in the constitution and the legal challenge it faces, which makes it the ‘constitutional coup’.
Examine in detail the impact this crisis can have on Nepal such as instability in Nepal, question its democratic credentials, from a slowing economy to the increasing coronavirus crisis.
Emphasize how this could impact Indo-Nepalese bilateral relations with a possible breakup in the Communist Party of Nepal (UML) and possible change in top leadership and uncertainty in lead up to the elections in 2021.
Conclude with a way forward.