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India to bring more nations into coastal radar network

Topics Covered: Security challenges and their management in border areas; linkages of organized crime with terrorism.

India to bring more nations into coastal radar network:


Context:

India is planning to further expand:

  1. The coastal radar chain network meant to enable real-time monitoring of the high seas for threats.
  2. Assistance for capacity building to Indian Ocean littoral states.

India’s past and future efforts in this regard:

  • Mauritius, Seychelles and Sri Lanka have already been integrated into the country’s coastal radar chain network.
  • Plans to set up coastal radar stations in the Maldives, Myanmar and Bangladesh.

Maritime data fusion in India- institutional and structural efforts:

  1. Indian Navy’s Information Management and Analysis Centre (IMAC) is the nodal agency for maritime data fusion. Located in Gurugram, it was set up after the 26/11 Mumbai terror attacks.
  2. As part of information exchange regarding traffic on the high seas, the Navy has been authorised by the government to conclude white shipping agreements with 36 countries and three multilateral constructs. So far agreements have been concluded with 22 countries and one multilateral construct.
  3. At the Navy’s Information Fusion Centre for the Indian Ocean Region (IFC-IOR) which is meant to promote Maritime Domain Awareness, three more International Liaison Officers (ILO) are expected to join soon. The ILOs from France, Japan and the U.S. have joined the centre.
  4. Under Phase-I of the coastal radar chain network, 46 coastal radar stations have been set up across the country’s coastline. Under Phase-II of the project, which is currently under way, 38 static radar stations and four mobile radar stations are being set up by the Coast Guard and is in advanced stage of completion.

About the Information Fusion Centre for Indian Ocean Region (IFC-IOR):

  • The Navy set up the IFC-IOR in December 2018 within the premises of the Information Management and Analysis Centre (IMAC) in Gurugram to track maritime movements in the region.

indian_ocean

InstaLinks:

Prelims Link:

  1. What is IOC?
  2. When and how was it established?
  3. Who are the members and observers?
  4. How France is involved in this?
  5. What is IFC- IOR?
  6. What is RMIFC?
  7. Who established EMASOH?
  8. Locate Persian Gulf and strait of Hormuz.

Mains Link:

Discuss how observer status at the Indian Ocean Commission help India secure its strategic objectives.

Sources: the Hindu.