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[Insights Secure STHIR– 2021] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 18 December 2020

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic : Salient features of world’s physical geography.

1. Define Catchment area, Drainage basin and Watershed. Differentiate between the Himalayan River System and Peninsular River System. (250 Words)

Reference: Class-XI NCERT: India Physical Environment.

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1.

Key Demand of the question:

Bring out the differences between Himalayan river system and peninsular river system.

Directive:

Differentiate –

provide for a detailed comparison of the two types, their features that are different. One must provide for detailed assessment of the two.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

A very straightforward introduction by defining Catchment Area, Drainage basin and Watershed. A simple representative diagram maybe used to show the same.

Body:

Bring out the comparative differences between Himalayan and Peninsular river system on parameters such as Origin, Catchment Area, Valleys, Drainage type, water flow, meanders and delta formation etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude with the general importance of the both river systems.

 

Topic:  Salient features of world’s physical geography.

2. What are the features of west flowing rivers of India? Assess the importance of west flowing rivers in India? (250 Words)

Reference: Class-XI NCERT: India Physical Environment.

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1.

Key Demand of the question:

To state the reason for shorter courses of east flowing river and their importance to our country.

Directive:

Asses –

you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

 Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Mention about west flowing rivers and their characteristics as part of the introduction with examples.

Body:

Explain in detail the features of west flowing rivers of India such as Size, Course, Deltas and Estuaries, Silting and nature of tributaries.

In the next part bring out the importance of west flowing rivers of India on parameters such as hydroelectric projects, Industries, Irrigation, Fishing, Tourism and ecological perspectives.

Conclusion:

Conclude the answer by summarizing the above importance.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic:  Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources

3. Increasing the government expenditure on health is definitely the need of the hour but it must not just be centered on dealing with pandemic. Analyse. (250 words)

Reference: Business Statndard

Why the question:

With budget not far away, the government is consulting key stakeholders for input and health experts have given them suggestion to improve health sector. The article captures that.

Key Demand of the question:

To suggest holistic solutions rap to improve health sector in India.

Directive:

Analyze –

When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by painting a picture of the health sector in India. You can include facts from recently released NFHS-5.

Body:

Mention in detail the shortcomings of the Indian health sector. Make a detailed analysis supported by facts and figures. Then mention how covid-19 has exposed the frailties of India health system.

Next make a case for a long term approach in improving health sector and not just Band-Aid approach because of the pandemic and upcoming vaccination drive.

Suggest measures on the lines such as universal insurance, upskilling of doctors and nurses, research activities and strengthening of overall health infrastructure etc.

Conclusion:

Finish the answer by surmising that with proper planning and allocation we could turn this crisis in to an opportunity.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic:  Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life.

4. The Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) is ISRO’s workhorse rocket. Elaborate. (250 words)

References: isro.gov.in isro.gov.in

Why the question:

PSLV-C50 is the 52nd flight of PSLV and 22nd flight of PSLV in ‘XL’ configuration (with 6 strap-on motors). This was the 77th launch vehicle mission from SDSC SHAR, Sriharikota.

Key Demand of the question:

To put forth the successes of PSLV in respect of satellite launches which makes it the workhorse of ISRO

Directive:

Elaborate –

Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Mention about reliability of ISRO on PSLV and including the recent PSLV-C50 launch.

Body:

Write about the profile and mechanism of PSLV rockets which has made it go to rocket for most of the launches by ISRO. Explain in briefly its working.

Track the journey of PSLV and its various yet diverse missions. Include the most famous missions such as Chandrayaan-1 and Mars Orbiter Mission etc.

Bring out the comparative advantages it offers over GSLV and also its limitations.

Conclusion:

Complete the answer by summarizing why PSLV is the workhorse of ISRO.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Dedication to public service;

5. Dedication to public service is the first step towards good governance but in order to achieve good governance you need to go much beyond that first step. Elaborate. (150 Words)

Reference: Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude by Lexicon Publications.

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4.

Key Demand of the question:

To emphasize on the importance of dedication to public service as a means to good governance and not the end in itself.

Directive:

Elaborate –

Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Define dedication to public service and bring out the link between dedication to public service and good governance by defining them.

Body:

Explain in detail the how dedication to public service is a first step towards good governance. The essential attributes of dedication to serving the public Vis a Vis good governance.

In the next part mention how dedication to public service is just the first step towards good governance and not the end in itself. Mention the much needed aspects apart from dedication which make the case for good governance, without which, good governance remains a hollow promise.

Conclusion:

Complete the answer by bringing out the relative importance of dedication to public service in good governance.

 

Topic:  Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and the world to the concepts of morality;

6. What is your interpretation of Kant’s Categorical Imperative? (150 Words)

Reference: Kant- Moral

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4.

Key Demand of the question:

To put forth one’s own understanding and views about Kantian Categorical Imperative.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin by defining Categorical Imperative of Emmanuel Kant.

Body:

This is a very open ended question as you will have to make your own interpretation of Categorical Imperative.

Begin the body by explaining in detail about your understanding of Categorical Imperative with examples. You can use simple but effective examples to put forward your ideas regarding Universal Moral Law etc.

Be mindful that as to not to stray from the actual Categorical Imperative while putting forward your views.

Conclusion:

Give a concise summation of your views to conclude the answer.


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