Print Friendly, PDF & Email

[Insights Secure STHIR– 2021] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 17 December 2020

Click on EACH question to post/upload you answers.

How to Follow Secure Initiative?

How to Self-evaluate your answer? 

STHIR – 2021: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

Join IPM 3.0 to get an assured review of 2 secure answers everyday

 


General Studies – 1


 

Topic:  Salient features of world’s physical geography.

1. Himalayas are not only the physical barrier, they are also a climatic, drainage and cultural divide. Elucidate. (250 words)

Reference: Class-XI NCERT: India Physical Environment.

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1.

Key Demand of the question:

To bring out the impact of Himalayan Mountain Range on Climate of India, its effect on drainage system and pattern of Himalayan Rivers and the cultural divide across it.

Directive:

Elucidate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Bring out how Himalayas serve as the physical barrier of India along with specifics of the Himalayan mountain ranges.

Body:

In the first part of the body, holistically address how Himalayas bear an impact of Indian climate with respect to Monsoon and protect India from cold storms.

In the next part, bring out the impact Himalayan Mountains on the drainage system and its importance to India.

In the final part, assess the cultural divide brought about by the Himalayas.

Conclusion:

Complete the answer by stressing on the overall role that Himalayas play in the geographical context of India.

 

Topic: Salient features of world’s physical geography.

2. Trace the regional divisions in the Northern Plains of India and bring out their geomorphological features. Why are Northern Plains so significant? Explain. (250 words)

Reference: Class-XI NCERT: India Physical Environment.

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1.

 Key Demand of the question:

To explain the regional divisions in the northern plains, its geomorphological features and significance.

Directive:

Explain – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by mentioning about Northern Plains of India and their composition.

Body:

In the first part of the body, bring forth the regional divisions: Sindh Plain, Rajasthan Plain, Punjab Plain, Ganga Plain, Brahmaputra Plain, Ganga – Brahmaputra Delta and explain them briefly.

In the next part, bring out the geomorphological features such as The Bhabar, The Terai, The Bhangar, The Khadar, Reh or Kollar and explain them briefly.

In the final part, mention about the significance such as Agriculture, Toursim, Soil profile, Ecology and cultural aspects etc.

Conclusion:

Complete the answer by mentioning the overall significance of the northern plains.

 

Topic: Issues relating to poverty and hunger

3. It is a paradox that despite being self-sufficient in agricultural production, India’s hunger levels are alarming. Analyse. (250 words)

Reference: The Hindu 

Why this question:

This article highlights the reasons why despite India having one of highest grains production in the world still has highest levels of malnutrition.

Key Demand of the question:

Bring out the analysis for the paradox of having self-sufficiency in food grain production yet still having high rates of malnutrition.

Directive:

Analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by laying out the context and mention relevant facts and figures with respect to malnutrition and self-sufficiency in food grain production.

Body:

In detail analyse the reasons for this paradox such as food wastage, poverty and inequalities, inefficient distribution system, lack of proper ration cards, migrant woes in accessing ration, corruption etc.

Next, write about the impact caused by malnutrition.

Finally, give steps to overcome this at farm level by ensuring remunerative prices and reforms in PDS system. Mention how schemes like Annapurna can be leveraged to bridge gap.

Conclusion:

Give a proper way forward to conclude.

 

Topic: Effects of liberalisation on the economy (post 1991 changes), changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.

4. What is currency manipulation? Critically analyse the Implications for India after being added currency manipulation monitoring list by US treasury? (250 words)

Reference: The Hindu 

Why the question:

Recently, India has been to currency manipulation monitoring list by US treasury department.

Key Demand of the question:

 Bring out the implications of Indian being added to the currency manipulation watch list with a proper analysis of how it would affect India. 

Directive:

 Critically analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Proceed by defining and explaining the mechanism of currency manipulation.

Body:

Explain why countries indulge in currency manipulation and the need for it in a very brief manner.  Also, talk about criteria followed to add countries to the list

Bring out the potential Implications of being added to the watch list: The chance of being declared a currency manipulator, additional tariffs and worsening on bi-lateral relations

Currency devaluation can lead to trade wars and also backfire on the country trying to undertake it.

Also mention about the benefits: Currency manipulation, on the other hand, boost exports in international trade or to reduce its debt interest burden.

Conclusion:

Concluded with a balanced way forward.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic:  Achievements of Indians in science and technology;

5. Professor Roddam Narasimha personified the best of India’s tradition of knowledge and enquiry. Comment on the contributions of Roddam Narasimha to Indian science and Technology. (250 words)

Reference: Indian Express 

Why the question:

One of India’s most celebrated Aerospace scientist Roddam Narasimha passed away and this article celebrates his life and work.

Key Demand of the question:

To bring out the contributions of Roddam Narasimha to Indian science and technology.

Directive:

Comment-

Here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly write an introduction about Porfessor Narasimha.

Body:

Bring the contributions of Roddam Narasimha in the fields of Aerospace, India’s space programme, Science Policy and atmospheric sciences etc.

Conclusion:

Summarize by highlighting the other faucets of his life such his love for Indian tradition and culture.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic:  Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service, integrity, impartiality and nonpartisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker- sections.

6. Neutrality, in the sense of political non-partisanship in public administration, is of course a precondition for ensuring that, regardless of their political orientation, citizens are treated fairly and in an equitable manner. Comment. (150 Words)

Reference: Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude by Lexicon Publications.

Key Demand of the question:

Trace the link between nonpartisanship in public administration and equality amongst citizens.

Directive:

Comment-

Here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin by highlighting the importance of neutrality and nonpartisanship in public administration.

Body:

Begin by talking about values which are important to the level of justice and continuity in public administration with suitable examples.

Mention about how public servants must be accountable to the government for the effective delivery of its programs.

Then finally talk about responsiveness of the administration to the government of the day within the law and the how constitution is key to the effective implementation of government policies in an equitable manner.

Conclusion:

Complete the answer by suggesting ways for neutrality in public administration in an increasingly polarizing world.

 

Topic:  Case Study.

7. As part of your probationary training of IPS, you’re posted as the SHO of a town notorious for drug menace. The drug trade is quiet widespread and has majorly affected the youth. The drug dealing happens in a lot of areas and there is shortage of police personnel to control it. The police do prevent some crimes and make some arrests but are over-burdened immensely.

Not only is the drug menace is gripping the city, there are often violent clashes among rival gangs which cause a lot of bloodshed. The widespread network of drug peddlers often harass common citizens and businesses alike. Many have chosen to either leave town or shut businesses.

There is a lot of pressure on the administration to control the menace as it is slowly choking the town. The local MLA calls for meeting and proposes a radical plan to tackle the problem. MLA says the police to issue an “unofficial” diktat that all drug related activities to be moved an abandoned area. In this designated area, they could conduct the illicit activities and asks you to turn a blind eye as long as they do not indulge in violence.

It’s nothing short of legalizing drugs which allows a free pass for drug peddling in that abandoned area. When you try to reason with the MLA against this, he responds that in any case the drug trade cannot stopped but with this plan they can regulate it. This will reduce the bloodshed considerably and put a stop to harassment of common people altogether and normal businesses of town can function normally.

The social workers present at the meeting says this plan may help them narrow down and identify addicts, pass information regarding safe use of syringes to prevent HIV and convince them to join rehabilitation program. This was not possible earlier as the peddling was widespread.

You are still not convinced with the plan and further reason with the MLA but he sternly reminds you that he is an MLA of the ruling party and you’re just a probationer yet.

What will be your course of action? Justify. (250 words)

Reference: case study

Why the question:

It is a case study pertaining to issues of drug menace and ways to tackle it. It also challenges an aspirant’s fortitude in the face of undue pressure.

Key Demand of the question:

To take an ethically and legally justified path to check drug menace in your town.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin by laying out the context of the case study and evil of drug menace.

Body:

Note down all the relevant stakeholders and ethical issues in the case study.

Mention about the possible courses of action such as starting from accepting the radical plan in its entirety to totally rejecting. Analyse the pros and cons of such actions.

Then mention the course of action you would take which is ethically as well as legally justified but also solves the issue of drug menace. Analyse its pros and cons. Also, mention how you will tackle any ramifications emerging out of it.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarizing the morally justified solution and positive way forward.


  • Join our Official Telegram Channel HERE for Motivation and Fast Updates
  • Subscribe to our YouTube Channel HERE to watch Motivational and New analysis videos